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Bottle Gourd (Lauki): Uses, Benefits, Side Effects and More!

By Dr Rajeev Singh +2 more


Lagenaria siceraria, known as bottle gourd in English and Lauki in Hindi, is a common vegetable in India. Bottle gourd has been used traditionally to help with many health conditions like fever, cough, pain, and asthma. It has been used since ancient times for its benefits. It is also considered a good source of vitamin B, C, and other nutrients. It is known for its shape, a bottle, dumbbell, or oval shape.  

bottle gourd benefits

You may find bottle gourd boring to eat, but it is considered one of the earliest plants to be domesticated on earth. It may also be packed with many health-promoting benefits.1,2 If you want to learn more about the bottle gourd or lauki, continue reading.  

Did you know?

Nutritional Value of Bottle Gourd: 

Bottle gourd contains terpenoid compounds cucurbitacins, which are responsible for its bitter taste. They can cause stomach upset if consumed in excessive amounts.

Dr. Siddharth Gupta, MD
Nutritional component Value 
Carbohydrates 3.39 g 
Proteins 0.62 g 
Lipids 0.02 g 
Fibre 0.5 g 
Iron 0.2 mg 
Calcium 26 mg 
Potassium 150 mg 
Sodium 2 mg 
Magnesium 11 mg 
Phosphorus 13 mg 
Zinc 0.7 mg 
Copper 0.026 mg 
Manganese 0.066 mg 
Selenium 0.2 μg 
Vitamin C 10.1 mg 
Riboflavin 0.022 mg 
Thiamin 0.029 mg 
Pantothenic acid 0.152 mg 
Vitamin B6 0.04 mg 
Niacin 0.32 mg 
Folate 6 μg 
Energy 14k cal 

Table 1: Nutritional value of bottle gourd per 10 grams of serving3  

Also Read: Coconut: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects and More!

Properties of Bottle Gourd (Lauki): 

The bottle gourd seeds have phytochemicals, which not only act against bacteria but are also effective against fungi.

Dr. Rajeev Singh, BAMS

Bottle gourd might have the following properties:  

  • It may have nutritional properties.    
  • It might have anti-inflammatory properties.    
  • It may have pain-killing properties.1,2    

Also Read: Raw Papaya: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects and More!

Potential Uses of Bottle Gourd for Overall Health: 

1. Potential Uses of Bottle Gourd for Liver:  

Bottle gourd might have properties that may be good for the liver, as per several animal studies. Bottle gourd may offer many potential benefits, helpful in liver condition and functions. These possible benefits have been observed in animal trials. You must still contact your healthcare provider before using a bottle gourd for any liver ailment.1,4  

2. Potential Uses of Bottle Gourd for the Brain:  

Consuming bottle gourd may show beneficial effects on the memory. Certain compounds in bottle gourd may show pain-relieving and central nervous system (CNS) depressant activity by acting on the brain.1,4  CNS depressant activity might indicate its possible effects on calming the mind. Before using a bottle gourd for its benefits for the brain, you should contact your healthcare provider and get a proper diagnosis and treatment.  

3. Potential Uses of Bottle Gourd for Cancer:  

Bottle gourd (Lauki) extract might act against the cancerous cells, as per an animal study. In addition, its stem extract may show potent cytotoxic (toxic to cells in the body) activity against cancer cell lines as per a laboratory study. This anticancer activity of bottle gourd may be attributed to its potential antioxidant and cytotoxic abilities.1 These potential benefits of bottle gourd have been studied in laboratory studies. However, you must consult your doctor before using any herbal supplement or remedy to replace or discontinue ongoing treatment.  

4. Potential Uses of Bottle Gourd for Diabetes:  

There are many variations in the size, shape and colour of bottle gourds. Size may vary from 4 to 40 inches in length and 2 to 12 inches in diameter. Neck length can reach up to 15 inches.

Dr. Smita barode, BAMS

Also Read: White Radish: Uncovering Its Nutritional Benefits And Uses

Bottle Gourd has been traditionally used to help with diabetes. Because of the low fat and high fibre content, bottle gourd may be recommended as the food of choice for people having diabetes. Bottle gourd extract could effectively reduce the blood glucose levels in diabetic animals, as indicated by an animal trial.4 The potential anti-diabetic benefits of bottle gourd have been observed in animal trials, and more studies are needed to validate these properties in humans.  

5. Potential Uses of Bottle Gourd for Obesity:  

Bottle gourd might be a good option for losing weight as it is low in calories and contains mostly water. It is also rich in dietary fibre and contains low fat and cholesterol. These properties may help with weight management.4 You can add bottle gourd to your regular diet to help you manage weight. However, before using any herbal remedy for weight loss, you need to consult your healthcare provider about its potential uses and side effects.  

6. Potential Uses of Bottle Gourd for Skin:  

Bottle gourd is a good source of vitamin C and zinc that may offer several skin benefits.3 Vitamin C is an essential vitamin for overall skin health. It may protect the skin from the damage caused by ultraviolet radiation. It may also help to prevent signs of skin ageing, such as skin sagging. It may also help strengthen the skin barrier by enhancing the production of skin barrier lipids.5. If you are suffering from any skin ailments, contact a skincare doctor or dermatologist, as they will be able to guide you about the uses and limitations of herbs and vegetables.  

Though there are studies that show the benefits of bottle gourds in various conditions, these are insufficient, and there is a need for further studies to establish the true extent of the benefits of bottle gourds on human health.  

Also Read: Curry Leaves: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects and More!

How to Use Bottle Gourd? 

All plant parts, including fruits, leaves, stems, bark, fruit rind, seeds, and oil, also might be used in traditional medicine.  

  • You may use bottle gourd fruit in your various foods and dishes. 
  • You may drink bottle gourd juice for its various health benefits.4  

You must consult a qualified doctor before taking any herbal supplements. Do not discontinue or replace an ongoing treatment of modern medicine with an Ayurvedic/herbal preparation without consulting a qualified doctor.   

Side Effects of Bottle Gourd: 

Drinking bottle gourd juice that tastes bitter may cause severe poisoning reactions. The symptoms of bottle gourd juice poisoning may involve vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, hematochezia (blood in stools), haematemesis (vomiting blood), shock, and even death.6 You must always consult your doctor immediately if you observe any of these symptoms. 

Also Read: Daikon Radish Benefits: A Comprehensive Guide to Nutritional Advantages

Precautions to Take With Bottle Gourd: 

Some of the precautions to take with bottle gourd are:  

  • Bottle gourds may be eaten as cooked vegetables by pregnant women. However, it should be eaten in moderation, as overconsumption of any food or vegetable can lead to toxic effects.  
  • Bottle gourd is a common vegetable used across India, and it may be consumed in amounts used in foods and dishes. However, avoid over-eating bottle gourd for its medicinal benefits. Reach out to your doctor or healthcare provider before you do so.  
  • Bottle gourd is a common vegetable consumed across India. It may be eaten by the elderly but in moderate amounts. However, overeating may lead to severe side effects.   
  • Eating bottle gourd may possibly be safe for children provided consumed in moderate amounts in foods and dishes. Children should eat vegetables under the supervision of their elders.  

Before using a bottle gourd for its medicinal benefits, reach out to your healthcare provider.  

Interactions With Other Drugs: 

There is a lack of sufficient data to prove the safety or interactions of bottle gourd with other medications. Therefore, if you are taking any medicines, you must consult your doctor regarding potential interactions with foods and vegetables. They will be able to guide you better regarding the precautions and interactions of a specific medicine.    

Also Read: Wheatgrass Juice: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects and More!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): 

What are lauki juice benefits for skin? 

Bottle gourd or lauki contains plenty of vitamin C. Vitamin C may be beneficial for skin health. Vitamin C might be valuable for protecting the skin from ultraviolet-induced damage. Bottle gourd juice may be used as a source of vitamin C.3,5 

What are the benefits of lauki juice for weight loss?

Bottle gourd has low-calorie content, and it contains mostly water. Bottle gourd is also rich in dietary fibre. The nutritional value of bottle gourd juice may make it a good choice for people who want to eat healthily and manage weight.4 However, there is a lack of data supporting its usage and beneficial effects on humans. You may meet a doctor or dietician to gain more insight into weight management methods.

What are the health benefits of bottle gourd juice?  

Bottle gourd may show good nutritional value and contains plenty of vitamins, minerals, and carbohydrates. Bottle gourd juice might be consumed for its nutritional benefits. It may also help keep the liver healthy and may also help with disease conditions and skin health.1–5

What are the side effects of bottle gourd juice?  

Consuming bottle gourd juice, which is bitter in taste, may lead to severe poisoning. If you experience signs like vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, hematochezia (blood in stool), or hematemesis (vomiting blood), reach your doctor immediately. These are the signs of bottle-gourd juice poisoning.6 If you experience these signs, contact your healthcare provider immediately and get yourself treated.



1. Kumar A, Partap S, Sharma NK, Jha KK. Phytochemical; Ethnobotanical and Pharmacological Profile of Lagenaria siceraria: – A Review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry [Internet]. 2012;1(3):24–31. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268434576_Phytochemical_Ethnobotanical_and_Pharmacological_Profile_of_Lagenaria_siceraria_-A_Review 

2. Kumar Seth A, Shah BN, Seth AK. Pharmacognostic Studies Of The Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standley. International Journal of PharmTech Research CODEN [Internet]. 2010;2(1):121–4. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268428727 

3. FoodData Central [Internet]. [cited 2022 Jun 15]. Available from: https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169232/nutrients 

4. Minocha S, Tiwari A, Sharma A. An Overview On Lagenaria Siceraria (Bottle Gourd). Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Research [Internet]. 2015;4(3):4–10. Available from: https://jbpr.in/index.php/jbpr/article/download/190/182/ 

5. Pullar JM, Carr AC, Vissers MCM. The Roles of Vitamin C in Skin Health. Nutrients [Internet]. 2017 Aug 12 [cited 2022 Jun 9];9(8). Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5579659/ 

6. Rathi PM, Patel PS. Bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) juice poisoning. World Journal of Emergency Medicine [Internet]. 2015 Oct 1 [cited 2022 Jun 15];6(4):308. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4677076/ 

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