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डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण (Dengue NS1 Antigen Test in Hindi): क्या है, खर्च, नॉर्मल रेंज, कैसे होता है, क्यों और कब

विवरण

डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण से डेंगू बुखार का पता चलता है। यह रोग के शीघ्र निदान और आगे के प्रबंधन में मदद करता है। 

नमूना प्रकार: 

खून 

उपवास \ खाली पेट रहना जरूरी:

नहीं 

अलियास: 

डेंगू परीक्षण

नमूना प्रकार 

डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण के परिणाम खून के नमूने के विश्लेषण पर आधारित होते हैं। 

आपको यह परीक्षण कितनी बार करना चाहिए? 

एक डेंगू एनएस 1 एंटीजन परीक्षण डेंगू वायरस, फ्लेवीवायरस और उच्च बुखार का निदान करने में मदद करता है। यह जांच बुखार होने पर डॉक्टर की सलाह से करवाई जा सकती है। यदि आपके डेंगू NS1 एंटीजन परीक्षण का परिणाम सकारात्मक आता है, तो आपका डॉक्टर आपको दवा पर रख सकता है या अधिक परीक्षण के लिए पूछ सकता है। निगेटिव रिपोर्ट मिलने से डेंगू वायरस की संभावना पूरी तरह से खारिज नहीं हो पाती है। डेंगू का एक और NS1 एंटीजन परीक्षण करवाने के लिए आपको 15 दिन तक इंतजार करना होगा। 

डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण के अन्य नाम 

परीक्षण समावेशन: कौन से पैरामीटर शामिल हैं? 

डेंगू संक्रमण / बुखार का मार्कर है एनएस1 एंटीजन. खून में एंटीजन की उपस्थिति या अनुपस्थिति के लिए डेंगू एनएस 1 एंटीजन परीक्षण का मूल्यांकन किया जाता है। NS1 एंटीजन डेंगू वायरस द्वारा पैदा किया गया एक टॉक्सिन और प्रोटीन है। यह टॉक्सिन किसी संक्रमित व्यक्ति के खून में मौजूद होता है। यही कारण है कि यह डेंगू संक्रमण का जल्दी पता लगाने में मदद करता है। 

डेंगू एनएस 1 एंटीजन परीक्षण क्या पता लगाता है / मापता है और यह किसके लिए निर्धारित है? 

डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण के नतीजों से किसी व्यक्ति के शरीर में नॉनस्ट्रक्चरल प्रोटीन एनएस1 के स्तर का पता चलता है। डेंगू इंफेक्शन के दौरान खून में स्त्रावित हो जाता है ये प्रोटीन. तीव्र डेंगू बुखार के संदिग्ध रोगियों के लिए परीक्षण निर्धारित किया जाता है। यहां देखें डेंगू वायरस के कुछ लक्षण:

डेंगू खूनस्रावी बुखार (डीएचएफ) अधिक गंभीर लक्षणों का कारण बनता है और यह जानलेवा हो सकता है। फॉलोइंग के रूप में:

डॉक्टर डेंगू वायरस के लक्षणों की शुरुआत के पहले पांच दिनों के भीतर डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण की सलाह देते हैं। नतीजों के बाद डॉक्टर 15 दिन बाद एक और डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण लिख सकते हैं। 

डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण हर उम्र की महिलाओं और पुरुषों पर लागू होता है।

Read in English: Dengue NS1 Antigen Test: Overview, Sample Type and more!

अक्सर पूछे जाने वाले सवाल (FAQs)

एनएस 1 और IgM के बीच क्या अंतर है?

जबकि डेंगू के इन दोनों परीक्षणों में डेंगू के संक्रमण के कारण पैदा होने वाले एंटीबॉडी या डेंगू वायरस को मापा जाता है, लेकिन डेंगू एनएस1 डेंगू IgM जैसा नहीं है। डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण की सिफारिश बुखार या अन्य लक्षणों के पहले पांच दिनों में डॉक्टर द्वारा की जाती है। डेंगू IgM परीक्षण 7-10 दिन लगातार और गंभीर बुखार के बाद निर्धारित हो जाते हैं। डेंगू एनएस1 तेजी से नतीजों के लिए खून परीक्षण है, जो डेंगू वायरस के शुरुआती निदान के लिए आदर्श बनाता है।

एनएस 1 एंटीजन परीक्षण का इलाज कैसे होता हैं?

जब उपचार की बात आती है, तो मुख्य ध्यान यह सुनिश्चित करने पर होता है कि रोगी को पर्याप्त हाइड्रेशन मिले।बुखार का प्रबंधन करने के लिए, अधिकांश डॉक्टर पैरासिटामोल या ठंडे पानी के फॉममेंटेशन के उपयोग की सलाह देते हैं। इसके अलावा, जो व्यक्ति डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण में पॉजिटिव पाए जाते हैं, उन्हें पर्याप्त आराम और हाइड्रेशन मिलना चाहिए।

डेंगू रैपिड परीक्षण कितना सही है?

डेंगू रैपिड परीक्षण या डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण की सटीकता को लगभग 98% की विशिष्टता और 55-82% के बीच संवेदनशीलता के साथ उच्च माना जाता है।

डेंगू परीक्षण पॉजीटिव होने पर क्या होता है?

आमतौर पर पॉजिटिव डेंगू परीक्षण का मतलब है कि व्यक्ति डेंगू वायरस से प्रभावित हुआ है। सबसे अच्छा इलाज पाने के लिए डॉक्टर से बात करना उचित है। यदि, डेंगू होने के अलावा, किसी व्यक्ति में खूनस्रावी बुखार के लक्षण भी होते हैं, तो अस्पताल में भर्ती होने की आवश्यकता हो सकती है।

डेंगू का पता कितनी जल्दी लग सकता है?

डेंगू की बात करें तो एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण तेजी से जांच का काम करता है। इससे डेंगू के संक्रमण की जल्द पुष्टि होती है। डेंगू एनएस1 एंटीजन परीक्षण से लक्षणों की शुरुआत के 5 दिन बाद तक डेंगू का पता लगाया जा सकता है।

डेंगू में कितना प्लेटलेट काउंट नॉर्मल है?

प्लेटलेट्स खून का एक महत्वपूर्ण घटक हैं। वे खून जमावट (खूनस्राव बंद करो) में महत्वपूर्ण हैं। एक स्वस्थ व्यक्ति की आदर्श प्लेटलेट गिनती 1,50,000-4,50,000 प्रति माइक्रोलीटर खून के बीच होती है। हालांकि डेंगू में प्लेटलेट काउंट 1,50,000 प्रति माइक्रोलीटर से नीचे आ सकता है। लेकिन अगर किसी डेंगू के मरीज की प्लेटलेट काउंट 1,00,000 से ज्यादा है तो कोई खतरा नहीं है। 40,000-1,00,000 की रेंज को कम जोखिम वाला माना जाता है, मगर बिना देरी डॉक्टर की सलाह से इलाज शुरू हो जाना चाहिए। लेकिन अगर प्लेटलेट काउंट 40 हजार से नीचे आता है तो वह मरीज को सीधा हॉस्पिटल में भर्ती हो जाना चाहिएरिस्क पेशेंट है। डेंगू में प्लेटलेट्स काउंट बहुत जल्दी गिर सकता है जिसकी वजह से जान जाने का खतरा भी होता है।

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जानिए डेंगू (Dengue in hindi) बुखार से कैसे बचें, इसे कैसे पहचानें और इससे कैसे लड़ें!

डेंगू एक आम तरह का वायरल इन्फेक्शन है जो मच्छरों द्वारा फैलता है और आमतौर पर उष्णकटिबंधीय और उपोष्णकटिबंधीय क्षेत्रों में ज़्यादा होता है। भीड़भाड़ वाले प्रमुख शहरी इलाकों और गर्म/उमस भरी जलवायु वाले क्षेत्रों में डेंगू बुखार आसानी से फैलता है।

विषय-सूची

  1. लक्षण
  2. इलाज
  3. यह आपकी ज़रूरत की और काम की बातें हो सकती हैं!

लक्षण (Symptoms):

डेंगू बुखार के लक्षण इन्फेक्शन होने के 4-6 दिन बाद शुरू होते हैं और इन लक्षणों में हो सकते हैं:

ग़लती से लोग डेंगू के हल्के लक्षणों को वायरल इन्फेक्शन या फ्लू समझने की भूल कर सकते हैं। इसका ठीक से इलाज किया जाना चाहिए क्योंकि गंभीर लक्षणों से डेंगू शॉक सिंड्रोम (डीएसएस) हो सकता है जिसके कारण डेंगू हैमरेजिक बुखार हो सकता है और – लिम्फ और रक्त वाहिकाओं को नुकसान, लिवर का बढ़ना, सर्कुलेटरी सिस्टम फेलियर, भारी ब्लीडिंग, झटका लगना और मृत्यु जैसी स्थितियाँ उत्पन्न हो सकती हैं।

डेंगू बुखार एक व्यक्ति से दूसरे व्यक्ति में नहीं फैलता है लेकिन यह मच्छरों के संक्रमित होने के कारण बड़े पैमाने पर फैलता है। धारीदार मच्छर Aedesaegypti बारिश के मौसम में उन वस्तुओं में पनपता है जिनमें स्थिर पानी जैसे टायर, प्लास्टिक की थैलियाँ और पानी से भरे बर्तन आदि हो सकते हैं, जो लक्षणों को जन्म देते हैं। धारीदार मच्छर Aedesaegypti बारिश के मौसम में टायर, प्लास्टिक की थैलियाँ और पानी से भरे बर्तन जैसी चीज़ों में पनपता है जिनमें ठहरा हुआ पानी हो सकता है, जिसके कारण इस बुखार के लक्षण पैदा होते हैं।

Read In English: Know How To Avoid, Detect And Fight Dengue Fever

इलाज (Treatment):

चूंकि डेंगू (Dengue) बुखार एक वायरस है, इसलिए इसका कोई खास इलाज नहीं है। लक्षणों से राहत पाने करने के लिए डेंगू का इलाज कराने के बारे में जल्दी सोचना चाहिए। आपका प्राथमिक चिकित्सक या एक अच्छा डॉक्टर आपको राहत देने में मदद करने के लिए एक सही इलाज तय कर सकते हैं।

चूंकि डेंगू को रोकने के लिए कोई वैक्सीन नहीं बनी है, इसलिए आप सावधानी बरतने वाले उपाय कर सकते हैं, जैसे कि मच्छर भगाने वाले रिपेलेंट और क्रीम का उपयोग करना, यह ध्यान रखना कि आपके आस-पास के वातावरण में पानी को ठहराने वाली चीज़ें मौजूद न हों, पूरी आस्तीन के कपड़े पहनना, आदि।

अगर आपके परिवार का कोई सदस्य डेंगू बुखार से पीड़ित है, तो यह व्यवस्था रखने में ज़्यादा सावधानी बरतें कि आपके परिवार के अन्य सदस्य मच्छरों के काटने से सुरक्षित हों। अगर किसी उष्णकटिबंधीय क्षेत्र की यात्रा के बाद आपको बुखार हो जाता है, तो अपने डॉक्टर/फिज़िशियन से सलाह लें ताकि वे यह तय कर सकें कि आपको बुखार है या कोई अन्य स्थिति है।

Disclaimer:  The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

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Home Remedies For Dengue By Dr. Siddharth Gupta

Introduction: 

Dengue is a well-known disease that can be fatal. Dengue is spread by a mosquito carrying the dengue virus. Dengue virus is mostly found in tropical and subtropical places worldwide, including parts of Asia and the Pacific Islands, Africa, Eastern Mediterranean and Central and South America. Dengue is not transmitted from person to person. However, it can be transmitted from pregnant mothers to their children.1  

Knowing the signs and symptoms of dengue might help with early detection and fast recovery. Continue reading to learn the basic facts and tell-tale signs of dengue.  

If you suspect that you or someone around you might be suffering from dengue, reach out to your healthcare provider immediately. Timely intervention can help you recover quickly.  

What Causes Dengue: 

Dengue is caused by a virus called Dengue virus. This virus enters the human blood through the bite of a mosquito. The mosquito carries the virus in its saliva. The virus starts to multiply after entering your blood. Finally, the virus along with the immune system’s response make you feel sick.1  

Also Read: Natural Home Remedies for Pneumonia

One of the most important aspects of managing Dengue fever is hydration- the patient must take lots of oral fluids to maintain BP, as the most common complication of dengue is low BP.

Dr. M.G. Kartheeka, MBBS, MD

Symptoms of Dengue: 

In most cases, one might not experience any symptoms of dengue fever.1 However, high fever is the most common symptom of dengue. Other possible symptoms of dengue include: 

One might start experiencing the symptoms only four to ten days after the mosquito bite. These symptoms may last for three to seven days. 1 

Home Remedies for Dengue: 

Here are some remedies you can use at home to take care of your symptoms.  

1. Neem  

Neem leaf extract could stop the growth of the dengue virus in lab studies conducted on animals.2 Therefore, you may use neem leaves to help contain your infection.2  Boil some fresh neem leaves in water. Drinking this water may help you recover quickly. You can also drink the juice of neem leaf. To make neem juice, grind some fresh leaves with a cup of water. Strain this liquid in a cup and your juice is ready. You can add some honey or lemon juice to taste.   

2. Papaya 

Papaya leaves have been used for the treatment of dengue fever. It is recommended to bring down fever in dengue in traditional medicine. The ability of papaya leaves to treat dengue has been investigated. The results showed that papaya leaf could help increase the platelet count, white blood cells and neutrophils in people. Increased platelet count could help prevent the bleeding, thereby preventing the progression of the disease.2 You can consume papaya leaf juice to help with the fever and restore normal platelet count.3 The juice is prepared by grinding fresh papaya leaves with a cup of water. Strain the liquid in a cup and papaya juice is ready to use.  

3. Kalmegh  

Kalmegh, also known as Andrographis peniculata, is a medicinal herb effective in a range of disease conditions. For example, in lab trials, an extract of kalmegh showed antiviral activity against the dengue virus. Therefore, you may use kalmegh to prevent the condition from getting worse.2 You can drink kalmegh juice with a glass of water to relieve dengue symptoms.  

4. Dudhi  

Asthma weed, known as Dudhi in Hindi, is an essential medicinal herb with many beneficial properties. It may help with dengue fever and increase the platelet count in people suffering from Dengue. To use dudhi, you need to boil the paste of Dudhi leaf in water. Reduce the water to 1/4th of its volume and consume as necessary3  

5. Guduchi  

Guduchi is a common herb used as a remedy for many health conditions. Guduchi is known to boost the immune response and fight off viral infections in humans. You can drink Guduchi juice daily to help with the symptoms of dengue.3 Guduchi juice is made by blending freshly chopped Guduchi with a glass of water into a smooth consistency. Strain the blended mixture to remove any solids and your Guduchi juice is ready.  

6. Golden eye- grass 

Golden eye grass or Kalimusli is a medicinal herb effective in many conditions. The roots and rhizomes of kalimusli are used in many disease conditions. Its use may boost the immune response. You can take kalimusli powder with milk to help fight off infection.3 

6. Karela  

Momordica charantia, known as karela in Hindi and bitter melon in English, possesses many health benefits. Karela extract showed inhibitory action against the multiplication of dengue virus in lab studies.2 You can use karela as a vegetable and use it in foods and dishes. You can also make karela juice to help with dengue. To make karela juice, peel the skin, chop it into pieces, add a glass of water and blend this mixture. Once it’s blended, strain the liquid. You can add more water to balance the taste, and your karela juice is ready.  

7. Tulsi  

Ocimum sanctum, known as Tulsi in Hindi, is an aromatic herb native to tropical regions of Asia. Tulsi leaves have been used to prevent dengue fever traditionally. The inhibitory action of Tulsi leaves against the dengue virus has been observed in lab studies.2  For making tulsi tea, boil few fresh tulsi leaves in water.  Let it simmer for a while and strain it in a cup. You can add a few drops of lemon juice or a teaspoon of honey for taste.   

Though some studies show the benefits of the herbs and home remedies in Dengue, these are insufficient. Therefore, there is a need for large-scale human studies to establish the true extent of the benefits of these home remedies on human health. Thus, these should only be taken cautiously and never as a substitute for medical treatment.  

Also Read: Home Remedies For Flu By Dr. Rajeev Singh

When to Seek Medical Help:  

You need to contact your healthcare specialist if you experience any symptoms of dengue.  

However, you need to contact your nearest hospital or healthcare provider immediately1 if you notice any signs of dengue worsening, such as 

It would be best if you did not rely on home remedies alone for dengue treatment. Instead, you should consult a qualified doctor for advice on the condition if the symptoms do not improve with home remedies.   

Conclusion: 

Dengue is an infectious disease spread through mosquito bites. If not treated in time, dengue can progress to a severe form of infection which can be fatal. There are some herbs like kalmegh, tulsi, neem, papaya leaves, dudhi and guduchi that you can use to relieve your symptoms at home. However, these herbs should not be used as an alternative to medical treatment provided by the doctor. If you or someone around you is suffering from dengue, reach out to your healthcare provider immediately. Taking timely treatment and precautions can help prevent the infection from getting worse.  

Also Read: Home Remedies For Nausea By Dr. Rajeev Singh

Frequently Asked Questions: 

What are the home remedies for dengue? 

There are herbs that you can use to relieve symptoms of dengue. Herbs like neem, tulsi, kalmegh, karela, guduchi, dudhi, papaya and kalimusli can improve symptoms experienced in dengue.2,3 However, before using these herbs to relieve dengue, make sure you have consulted your healthcare provider. Dengue can get worse if not treated in time. Do not use any herbs or remedies without consulting your doctor.  

What are some home remedies for dengue fever? 

You can use herbs like papaya leaves, dudhi and Tulsi leaves to control dengue fever. 2,3 However, you should avoid using herbs to help with dengue fever without consulting your doctor first.      

What are the home remedies to increase platelets in dengue? 

You can use papaya and dudhi leaves to increase the platelet count in dengue. These leaves have shown improvement in the overall platelet count in the blood.2,3 However, you are advised not to use any herbal remedy for dengue without consulting your healthcare provider first.  

Can dengue cause death? 

Timely treatment of dengue prevents it from progressing to a life-threatening stage. If you are experiencing symptoms of severe dengue infection such as blood in vomit and stool, stomach pain, extreme fatigue and nosebleed, head to the nearest hospital or clinic immediately.1 

References: 

1. Cleveland Clinic. Dengue Fever: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment [Internet]. [cited 2022 Jul 14]. Available from: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17753-dengue-fever 

2. Abd Kadir SL, Yaakob H, Mohamed Zulkifli R. Potential anti-dengue medicinal plants: a review. Journal of Natural Medicines [Internet]. 2013 Oct [cited 2022 Jul 14];67(4):677. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3765846/ 

3. Ayush Division. Ayurveda offering Herbal healing. Available from: https://www.esic.nic.in/attachments/publicationfile/7d11b02e5abb4717d53b4ce05efabd21.pdf 

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

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Food for Dengue – What To Eat And What To Avoid!

Come monsoon and the scare of dengue hits one and all! With the number of lives affected by the deadly malady, the causes, and symptoms that these mosquito-borne disease shows are not unknown to many.

Once bitten by the fatal Aedes mosquito, the symptoms of high fever, headache, rashes, coupled with joint and muscle pain started to show up within 3 or more days, and from there the condition only worsens.

Food to Eat With Dengue

However, there are many ways and means to fight the dengue virus. First and foremost, it’s vital to boost the patient’s immunity. This can be done by giving him/her food items that are loaded with essential nutrients and vitamins that ensure a speedy recovery. Here’s a list of a few of them:

1. Papaya Leaves

Many researchers have found that papaya leaves play a crucial role in fighting this dangerous disease. They help to elevate the platelet counts which fall to dangerously low levels in a dengue patient. Typically, it is advised to consume these leaves in the juice form.

A healthy drink to fight dengue

  1. Take  ½ papaya, medium in size and chop it into small pieces
  2. Next transfer the freshly cut pieces to a bowl
  3. Now add to this,  ½ a cup of orange juice, and two to three tablespoons of fresh lemon juice
  4. Next, add a tablespoon of honey and sprinkle some black pepper powder and salt to taste
  5. Transfer the contents to a blender, add a little water, and blend to a smooth juice
  6. Consume fresh

According to some research, drinking Barley infused water might be beneficial for dengue fever as it has antipyretic effects. As with all other herbal ingredients, its consumption should be moderate and monitored by a qualified specialist.

Dr. Siddharth Gupta, MD

2. Mix of herbs

Many health practitioners recommend regular consumption of Tulsi, Ashwagandha, Ginger, Giloy (an Ayurvedic herb), and Aloe Vera to control the spread of the disease. Many doctors also advise to up the intake of amla, as it is rich in Vitamin C.

3. Pomegranates

Loaded with essential minerals and nutrients, this wonder fruit gives the body an immense rush of energy. Thus, it plays a crucial role in reducing fatigue and tiredness that a typical dengue patient experiences. Since these bright red seeds are also a rich source of iron, they aid in maintaining an average blood platelet count.

4. Coconut Water

Dengue generally results in dehydration. Thus, it is immensely beneficial to consume coconut water – which is loaded with electrolytes and vital nutrients. In many cases, ginger water is also suggested, since it helps to combat nausea that many dengue patients experience.

5. Turmeric

Being an antiseptic and metabolism booster, many doctors also recommend the consumption of turmeric with milk. This helps in faster recovery. Read more about the health benefits of turmeric.

6. Fenugreek

Fenugreek or methi is known to induce sleep and acts as a mild tranquillizer that aids in easing pain. It is also known to stabilizing the high fever that is a common dengue symptom.

7. Orange

A rich mix of antioxidants and Vitamin C, orange and its juice also helps in treating and eliminating the dengue virus.

A word of caution – The dengue fever can rise rapidly after the onset of the initial symptoms. Thus, it is vital that one seeks medical help as soon as these symptoms are observed. The above-mentioned remedies should be adopted as only supplemental forms of treatment.

Also Read: 10 Home Remedies for Dengue

And What to Avoid

The path to recovery after a dengue attack is not going to be very easy. While there are no specific dietary restrictions, you can make matters easy by adhering to a diet that is less oily and spicy at least for a few days. Also, make it a point to consume food items that are easy to digest.

When suffering from Dengue, you must consume plenty of fruits and vegetables. It is recommended to eat fruits and vegetables that are rich in vitamins C and K. Vitamin C-rich foods can provide strength and an immunity boost. Similarly, vitamin K can be beneficial for better blood clotting and improving reduced platelet count. However, you should avoid consuming foods which are chocolate based, spicy, fatty, etc.

Dr. Rajeev Singh, BAMS

Here are some of the food items you should avoid if you are suffering from Dengue:

Non-Vegetarian food

Non-vegetarian food is a strict ”No”. Up your fluid intake and consume warm water instead of normal water.

Oily and Fried food

It is best to choose a lighter diet and avoid oily and fried food. It contains a lot of fat which may lead to higher blood pressure. This can hamper your recovery as it weakens the immune system.

Spicy food

This is a big no to all who are recovering from dengue. It leads to acid collecting in the stomach which in turn leads to ulcers. It hampers the recovering process as your body ends up fighting double the illnesses at the same time.

Caffeinated beverages

Your body needs a lot of liquid during this time, but that does not mean caffeinated beverages. These drinks cause fatigue, increase heart beat, and overall not good for you especially when you are suffering from an illness. Be sure to consume glasses of warm water instead of normal water.

Also Read: “Do Honey Make You Last Longer in Bed? Unpacking Bedroom Myths”

General Tips to Avoid Dengue

Here are some quite general tips as to how you can prevent the disease from being a reality in your life:

Also Read: 5 Effective Preventive Measure for Dengue

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

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15

10 Simple Home Remedies for Dengue!

Apart from a host of allergies and infections, monsoons provide perfect breeding conditions for mosquitoes. Mosquito bites can lead to diseases like malaria, chikungunya, and dengue, which can prove to be fatal. Some of the symptoms of dengue are high fever, headaches, muscle and joint pain, fatigue, exhaustion, skin rash, and low pressure. You cannot cure dengue fever with home remedies, but you can alleviate the symptoms of the fever through them. Here are some of them.

  1. Giloy

Ayurveda makes use of Giloy herb to control any fever. For dengue, it is quite effective in bringing down the temperature. It enhances immunity and combats infections. Giloy concentrate and tablets are available in most Ayurveda shops.

  1. Methi Leaves

Methi leaves are useful in reducing elevated body temperature and decrease muscle pain. They promote sleep and allow the body to rest and heal. Methi seeds also can be used. Just soak overnight and have on an empty stomach in the morning.

  1. Papaya Leaves

Papaya leaves are beneficial if you want to increase your platelet count. In dengue fever, the platelet count decreases and can lead to complications. They are rich in vitamin C and antioxidants that reduce stress on the body. They also reduce other symptoms like chills, body ache nausea, and fatigue. Crush the leave and take out the juice. About two tablespoons should be had daily.

  1. Turmeric

Turmeric is an important spice to heal the body. It is antiseptic, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory. It boosts metabolism and initiates inner healing. Consume a pinch of turmeric in your milk for the best results. Also, read 10 health benefits of turmeric.

  1. Tulsi Leaves

Tulsi or the holy basil is almost a wonder herb if you want to increase your immunity. Boil tulsi leaves with some black pepper and has it daily. This will fight off infections and build up immunity. Read more about the health benefits of tulsi (Basil)

  1. Hydrate

Dehydration is a common problem in dengue. Ensure that you have plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. This detoxifies the system and also alleviates headaches and muscle cramps.

  1. Neem Leaves

Neem leaves serve many purposes. Boil water and let neem leaves seep in it for some time. Drinking this water increases the blood platelet and white blood cell count. Having neem water concoction increases immunity and strengthens the body. Also, by burning the dried leaves, you can ward off mosquitoes in your vicinity.

  1. Orange Juice

Citrus fruits are very beneficial when suffering from dengue fever. Vitamin C present in these fruits, especially organs and orange juice, helps improve immunity, detoxifies the body, initiates cell repair, and combats infections.

  1. Goldenseal

Goldenseal is a herb that has a similar action as papaya leaves. The dried roots of this herb are very effective against dengue fever. It helps to eliminate the virus from the body.

  1. Mosquito Repellants

To avoid falling prey to dengue fever, use mosquito repellents. These could be in the form of ointments or by using mosquito nets. Read more on the home remedies for mosquito control.

Food to Avoid during Dengue Fever

While it is important to know what food you need to have if you are suffering from dengue fever, it is also important to know what foods you need to avoid during this time. Here is a shortlist of the food items to avoid during dengue fever:

Fried and oily foods contain significant amounts of fat and bad cholesterol. These may lead to increased blood pressure and fat deposition in the blood vessels. It is best to avoid these kinds of food which may affect the immune system and introduce other health conditions, and opt for a lighter diet.

Spicy food items are strictly not recommended for patients suffering from dengue, since these types of food cause stomach acid to accumulate, irritate the digestive system inner lining, and may even cause ulcers and damage. This can slow down the recovery process.

While recovering from dengue, it is necessary to keep the body hydrated by drinking lots of fluids. However, caffeinated beverages are not among them since they typically increase blood pressure and heart rate and can cause muscle breakdown, which can be fatal during dengue fever.

Consuming non-vegetarian food is best avoided during your recovery from dengue fever since digesting these types of food take longer to digest and place more stress on the resources of the body. Try to stick to simple and vegetarian foods.

Also Read: 5 Effective Preventive Measure for Dengue 

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

Diabetes Can Make Dengue More Lethal!

More than 30 million people in India live with diabetes and statistics say that more than 2 lakh people contract dengue every year. Are you wondering why we are linking the two illnesses? Read on to know why.

It turns out that diabetes can worsen the complications caused by dengue and now that winter is almost here, the dengue menace has shot up too. If you are a diabetic, you should be extra cautious about mosquitoes this season, because dengue is more dangerous for you than for non-diabetics.  

Diabetes and dengue: The deadly combination

A group of doctors in Chennai has made a startling discovery. They studied 4000 people who had been hospitalized with dengue in 2019. The severity of symptoms differed from one patient to the other. Some were discharged in a couple of days while others had to stay back and receive a plasma transplant. 

While going over the patients’ medical history, doctors found that 20% of the patients had something in common – diabetes. Those dengue patients, whose blood sugar was high, developed grave complications triggered by dengue. They suffered intense abdominal pain, extremely high fever and splitting headaches. Further tests at the hospital revealed that the high-risk diabetes patients also suffered internal haemorrhage and collapse of the circulatory system (which doctors call haemorrhagic shock). 

In some of the diabetes patients, dengue caused very severe complications. They suffered from respiratory problems, persistent vomiting, sore throat that makes swallowing difficult, continuous coughing, etc and by the time they were brought to a hospital, they were blue in the face and their pulse rate was alarmingly low. 

This caused the doctors to declare diabetes as one of the illnesses that increases the fatality of dengue.

Blood glucose is an important factor for viral replication, and it basically facilitates virus transmission in mosquitoes, dengue causes fever and increases metabolic rate, which can lead to a rise in fluctuation in blood sugar levels, strict monitoring is very critical.

Dr. Ashish Bajaj – M.B.B.S, M.D.

Dengue Shock Syndrome

In cases of normal dengue, patients may experience no symptoms, mild symptoms or severe symptoms. These classical dengue symptoms may include headaches, rashes, low white blood cell levels, nausea weakness and of course fever. As mentioned above, sometimes dengue can progress into something called a Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF). DHF may affect certain people more often, for example, diabetics. Other people may go on to suffer something called Dengue Shock Syndrome. This is characterised by the same symptoms of internal haemorrhage, low pulse, change in mental state, change in blood pressure that happen with DHF. Additionally, Dengue shock syndrome results in multiple organ failures, failure in the circulatory system and a high risk of death (about 10% fatality rate).

Pathologically, dengue is characterised by high levels of inflammatory markers like CRP, endocan and IL-8. Thus, the dengue could be more fatal in patients that have co-morbid conditions of inflammation such as in diabetes

Dr. M.G. Kartheeka, MBBS, MD

Why does diabetes magnify dengue complications?

There is not enough evidence that can tell us why diabetes makes dengue more dangerous. But doctors believe that since a person with diabetes has weak immunity, fragile blood vessels and a higher risk of haemorrhage, symptoms of dengue tend to worsen in diabetics. Dengue destroys a person’s platelets which lead to blood clotting. Together, diabetes and dengue cause a lot of damage inside the body and make it difficult for the diabetic to recover.

What can you do?

Winter, especially the beginning of winter, is when dengue incidents peak. Here are a few things that diabetics can do-

Also Read: 5 Effective Preventive Measures for Dengue

If you have diabetes, you have to be extra careful about mosquitoes. Follow the precautions mentioned above to stay healthy and safe.

Read More: Difference Between Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes

Disclaimer: The information included at this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.

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8 Preventive Measures For Dengue That Are Simple & Effective

Dengue fever is a tropical-borne disease characterized by mosquito bites and the dengue virus. The breed of mosquito called Aedesaegypti, which survives only in tropical and sub-tropical areas throughout the year- facilitates transmit of the virus. To know the ways to avoid dengue, it is important to know that these mosquitoes are said to be prevalent a lot more during the day than at night. Hence, the chances of being bitten by this mosquito are high during the day. Dengue spreads when an affected (dengue) individual is bitten by a mosquito and that mosquito bites another individual.

Dengue can lead to symptoms like high body temperature (as high as 104 °F), intense joint & muscle pain, pain behind the eyes, nausea and/or vomiting, severe headaches, etc. There are no proper vaccinations for dengue and all the vaccines are in the development phase. This poses a significant threat to people and for treating an individual affected by dengue. The treatment of dengue relies on providing relief for the symptoms more than getting it treated with heavy medication.

Due to all these issues, adopting ways to avoid dengue fever can benefit a lot more than trying to cure it.  

8 Ways to Avoid Dengue Fever Are:

1. Reduce Mosquito Habitat:

The mosquitoes which breed dengue thrive in stagnant water containing objects like tires, plastic covers, flower pots, pet’s water bowls, etc. Reducing the habitat available for these mosquitoes (by getting rid of stagnant water to breed) can help prevent dengue.

2. Stay in well-screened houses:

Ensure that the windows are closed properly or the door screens do not contain any holes. This would eliminate the chances of any mosquitoes entering the house. Mosquitoes responsible for spreading vector-borne diseases are most active between the time period dawn to dusk. Keep all your windows and shutters closed during this time.

3. Use Mosquito Repellents:

Using mosquito repellents, especially in tropical areas with high populations and crowds, can help repel mosquitoes from biting you. Apply mosquito repellent creams on your body when travelling to tropical destinations and even when you are indoors. For children or infants, you can purchase mosquito patches, mosquito bands and mosquito wipes that are sold by reputed skincare brands in your country.

4. Wear Protective Clothing:

In order to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes, one can go for long-sleeved clothes and full pants with socks & covered shoes. It is advisable to go for this kind of protective clothing specifically in dengue-infested areas.

5. Sleep Under Mosquito-net:

Sleeping under the mosquito net can provide you and your children a double layer of protection from being bitten by mosquitoes.     

6. Do not let Water Stagnate Anywhere

Stagnant water that has not been emptied out leads to mosquito breeding. Empty out flower pots, clean and change water bowls of your pet, refrain from keeping any water plant in your household, check to see if septic tanks, water pipes are in perfect order and keep covered any vessel or drum that is specifically used to store water.

7. Keep Your House Airy and Well-Lit

Mosquitos are commonly frequent dark and damp places. To prevent mosquitos from entering your room or house, make sure it is filled with sunlight. Additionally, on alternate days you can light camphor for about 30 minutes in your room as it has the ability to kill all kinds of pests.

8. Time Your Outings

It is not necessary that you will catch dengue fever in your home only. It can even happen during your camping trip on a humid day or when you are out for a walk in the woods on a rainy day. Time your trips depending on the weather and take all mosquito repellent arsenal with you starting from creams to netted sleeping bags and so on.

High grade fever with the possibility of this being a dengue fever if associated with some of the warning signs like bleeding gums or nose, severe abdominal pain, vomiting for at least three times within the past 24 hours requires immediate medical attention. Do visit an emergency room if you encounter any of these symptoms associated with fever.

Dr. Ashish Bajaj, M.B.B.S., M.D. in Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology

Read More: 5  Home Remedies for Mosquito Bites & Mosquito Control

It is always advisable to consult your physician or a doctor as one of the important ways to avoid dengue fever when you feel you have the symptoms of dengue fever. The doctor would be able to diagnose whether you have dengue fever or symptoms of some other issues with the help of some blood tests. Having a dengue-affected member in the house can increase the chances of other members getting the fever.

In such cases, family members need to be highly vigilant and prevent everyone from getting bitten by mosquitoes. There is no cure for dengue as such and severe cases can even lead to death. Following simple steps to prevent yourself and your family members from being bitten can help reduce the risk of being affected by dengue fever. You should also take the dengue fever vaccine whenever it is available in India.

The three phases of dengue include febrile, critical, and recovery.

During the febrile phase, a sudden high-grade fever of approximately 40 C occurs that usually lasts two to seven days. The life threatening complication of dengue that is low BP starts after fever reduces.

Dr. M.G. Kartheeka, MBBS, MD(Pediatrics)

Also Read: 10 Home Remedies for Dengue

Disclaimer:  The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

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32

Stay Safe From Dengue With These Precautions

Monsoon has arrived in India. The rainy season may be vital for the economy (agriculture, irrigation, power generation), but in a tropical country like India, this may also become a season of illnesses. One of the many dangers of the monsoon season is dengue.

Over the last decade, dengue fever has become very prevalent in India. This is a dangerous disease and must not at any cost be undermined as it can claim lives.

So, what is to be done? Let us understand the nature of dengue first.

What is dengue?

Dengue fever is caused by a virus that enters our body when we are bitten by a female Aedes mosquito. In India, there are 4 main variants (called serotypes) of dengue. Some of these serotypes are more virulent and dangerous than others.

However, the symptoms of dengue are the same no matter the serotype. The first signs of dengue are:

What should you do if you notice dengue symptoms?

If you suddenly begin to exhibit the signs of dengue fever speak to your doctor immediately. Your physician will recommend a dengue test

Prompt action is crucial. Dengue fever should be managed instantly with a doctor’s advice. In addition to the treatment prescribed by your doctor, good hydration and rest play an important role in recovery.

If you do not get tested and diagnosed on time, It can become difficult to manage dengue fever as it can progress to a severe form very quickly leading to dengue haemorrhagic fever or DHF and Dengue Shock Syndrome which can be life-threatening. Another risk associated with dengue fever is the sudden drop in blood platelets which can present as bleeding from the nose, bluish-red patches on the skin. Immediate medical care and sometimes hospitalisation may be required in such cases

Also Read: How to Get Rid of Gnats: Your Expert-Approved Guide

What can you do to prevent dengue through safety precautions?

It is important to protect yourself from mosquito bites. Dengue-causing mosquitoes breed in stagnant water. During the monsoon, rainwater accumulates in potholes, garbage dumps, cracks and crevices around your house. So these are the dengue precautions that you must implement:

It takes a proactive approach towards cleanliness, cooperation and safety precautions to keep the spread of dengue fever in check. But some things are beyond our control. In such cases, if you think you or your loved ones may have contracted dengue, contact a doctor and book a test. 

Disclaimer: The information included at this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.

Know How To Avoid, Detect And Fight Dengue Fever!

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Source

Dengue is a common type of viral infection that is spread by mosquitoes and is generally widespread in tropical and sub-tropical areas. Dengue Fever spreads easily in major urban cities with overcrowding and in areas where there is a warm/humid climate.

Symptoms

Symptoms of dengue fever begin 4-6 days after being infected and they could include: Mild symptoms of the same can be mistaken with viral infection or flu. It has to be treated properly because serious symptoms can lead to dengue shock syndrome (DSS) which can cause dengue haemorrhagic fever- damage to lymph and blood vessels, liver enlargement, circulatory system failure, heavy bleeding, shock and death. Dengue fever does not spread from one person to another but infected mosquitoes are the root cause of the widespread. This happens when an infected human is bitten by a mosquito and that infected mosquito bites another human being. The striped mosquito Aedesaegypti flourishes during the rainy seasons in objects that can contain stagnant water like tires, plastic bags and water-filled pots, etc lead to the symptoms.    Read More: The Zika Virus: A Simplified Guide

Treatment

As dengue fever is a virus, there isn’t a specific treatment for it. Dengue treatment should be concerned around providing relief for the symptoms. Your primary physician or a good doctor can provide you with a proper action plan to be followed to help relieve you. Since there isn’t a vaccine for preventing dengue, one can take precautionary measures like using mosquito repellents and creams, ensuring your immediate surroundings are devoid of water-stagnating objects, wearing full-sleeved clothes, etc. If any member of your family suffers from dengue fever, use extra precautionary measures to ensure that other members of your family are protected from getting bitten by mosquitoes. In case, you get a fever after travelling to a tropical area, consult your doctor/physician so that they can determine if you have the fever or any other condition.    Also read: Allergies or Cold? Understanding if Allergies Can Cause a Sore Throat Disclaimer:  The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

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1

Low Platelet Count: Understanding Causes and Tips for Improving Platelet Levels  

Key Highlights: 

Introduction 

Platelets play a crucial role in blood clotting, and having inadequate platelet counts can affect our well-being. Their number can decrease due to many factors. This situation is medically known as thrombocytopenia, that is, low platelet count. In this article, we delve into the production, functions, and health issues associated with platelets. We look at how they work, what triggers a low platelet count, and how it’s diagnosed. Plus, we will discuss management options and simple lifestyle changes that may help.

Did you know?

What is Low Platelet Count (Thrombocytopenia)? 

Definition 

Low platelet count, medically known as thrombocytopenia, happens when there are less than 150,000 platelets per microliter in our bloodstream. 

Role of platelets in blood clotting 

Platelets help blood to form clots. This process stops heavy bleeding after an injury. Platelets do this by joining together to form plugs in wounded blood vessels. 

Normal platelet count range 

It’s between 150,000 and 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. 

Symptoms of Low Platelet Count 

In this section, we have enumerated and discussed the various symptoms that may develop in a person with low platelet counts. 

Petechiae 

One key sign of low platelet count is petechiae formation. It’s marked by small, reddish-purple spots on the skin. They appear due to minor bleeding under the skin. 

Bruising 

People with low platelet count may also bruise easily. In medical terms, this is called purpura. A purpura is bigger in size when compared to a petechiae. This is also due to easy minor bleeding of the vessels under the skin. 

Prolonged bleeding from cuts 

Low platelets in the blood could make minor injuries bleed for longer duration. This can slow down wound repair. 

Heavy menstrual bleeding 

For women, heavy flows during periods could be a sign of low platelet count. 

When to See a Doctor? 

Timing is key in handling thrombocytopenia.  

Symptoms that warrant medical attention 

If you notice any symptoms like easy bruising, petechiae, or prolonged bleeding, consult your doctor right away. 

Uncontrolled bleeding as a medical emergency 

If you can’t stop bleeding with basic first-aid like applying pressure to the injury, seek instant medical help. 

To my knowledge, severe internal bleeding may be more likely to occur in those with severe thrombocytopenia (or low platelet count). Bleeding in the brain or gastrointestinal tract might result from thrombocytopenia. Bleeding in the brain is a potentially fatal condition.

Dr. Siddharth Gupta, B.A.M.S, M.D

Causes of Low Platelet Count 

There are many causes of low platelet count which are as follows. 

1. Enlarged spleen (trapped platelets) 

An enlarged spleen, known as splenomegaly, can trap excess platelets. This then lowers their number in the bloodstream. 

2. Decreased production of platelets 

A decrease in platelet production can occur because of issues in the bone marrow, viral infections, or genetic disorders. 

Certain illnesses like leukaemia or aplastic anaemia can disrupt the bone marrow, leading to a fall in platelet production. 

Certain viruses, like hepatitis C or HIV, can lower the production of platelets. 

Genetic conditions can also cause a drop in platelet production. An example is Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome or May-Hegglin anomaly. 

3. Increased breakdown of platelets 

Sometimes, our bodies might use up or destroy platelets faster than they’re produced. This can lead to thrombocytopenia. There are certain situations where this can happen which are as follows.  

Autoimmune diseases like ITP, lupus, or rheumatoid arthritis can incite our immune system to wrongly destroy platelets. 

Certain drugs can foster platelet destruction or slow down their production. Excessive alcohol intake can have similar effects. 

Your doctor might advise against flossing until your platelet counts stabilise. You are advised to rinse and wash your teeth after every meal. To avoid bleeding gums, use an extra-soft toothbrush. Use hot water to make your toothbrush softer before each usage. Use extreme caution and gentleness when flossing. Steer clear of readily bled areas. Apply petroleum jelly or lip balm to keep lips hydrated and stop them from breaking. Consult your medical team before receiving any dental care.

Dr. Rajeev Singh, BAMS

Diagnosis of Low Platelet Count 

Diagnosis involves a series of tests. These are discussed below.  

1. Physical examination 

During a health check, the doctor checks your skin for bleeding signs. They’ll also feel your abdomen to check for an enlarged spleen. 

2. Medical history 

The doctor will ask you about past illnesses and medication use that may impact your platelet count. 

3. Blood tests 

A complete blood count (CBC) test helps find out the numbers of different blood cells, including platelets. 

4. Ultrasound 

In case an enlarged spleen is suspected, your doctor may perform an ultrasound. This lets them view the organ and gauge its size. 

5. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy 

The doctor can take fluid (aspiration) or tissue (biopsy) samples from your bone marrow. This can provide extra clues on the cause of your low platelet count. 

Due to its antioxidant qualities, dragon fruit might help people with dengue increase their platelet counts. For this reason, doctors may advise dengue patients to eat dragon fruit. However, there is lack of enough large scale studies to back this up.

Dr. Smita barode, B.A.M.S, M.S.

Management of Low Platelet Count 

Management involves tackling the root cause while managing the symptoms. In many cases, managing the main cause of the low platelet count may help solve the issue. This might involve adjusting medications or treating infections. 

1. Medication adjustments 

If certain medicines are causing your low platelet count, your doctor might change them to limit their bad effects. 

2. Infections  

If a viral infection leads to a low platelet count, your healthcare provider will work on treating the viral infection. 

3. Immune system disorders 

If your body is wrongly attacking platelets due to an immune system disorder, your doctor may prescribe drugs to raise your platelet count and reduce the immune overactivity. 

4. Blood transfusions 

For very low platelet counts, blood transfusions might be needed. These transfusions replace lost blood parts with packed red blood cells or platelets. 

5. Platelet transfusions 

Sometimes, platelet transfusions may help raise very low platelet levels and improve blood clotting. 

6. Medications to increase platelet production 

Medicines that boost platelet production might be prescribed by your healthcare provider to improve blood clotting. 

Lifestyle and Home Remedies 

Some everyday steps may help lower your risks linked to low platelet count and may help boost your overall health. 

Avoiding injuries 

Skip activities that may lead to injury. These include contact sports. Make sure to take all safety precautions. 

Adjusting medications 

Discuss with your doctor about any medicines or supplements that might harm your platelet count. 

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle 

Eat well, exercise regularly, and get enough sleep. This may help keep your immune system strong and your blood cells working well. 

Avoiding alcohol 

Excessive alcohol interferes with bone marrow function and platelet creation. So, cut back or avoid alcohol. 

Complications of Low Platelet Count 

Ignoring a low platelet count can lead to various issues, some of which can be life-threatening. 

Severe bleeding 

A very low platelet count increases your risk of heavy bleeding. This may require urgent medical care. 

Bleeding in the brain 

In severe cases, low platelet counts can cause brain bleeding. If not treated, this can be fatal. 

Prolonged bleeding during surgery 

If you need surgery but have a low platelet count, you might bleed for longer. This can make repair after surgery difficult. 

Screening 

Routine tests and checks may help detect and handle low platelet counts early, which may reduce possible complications. 

Routine blood tests 

Regular blood tests, like CBCs, can detect a low platelet count before it becomes a serious health issue. 

Regular monitoring of high-risk individuals 

If your risk of low platelet count is high because of ongoing health issues, family history, or certain medications, keep taking regular medical tests to track your platelet levels. 

Also Read: How To Increase Platelet Count Naturally

Conclusion 

Knowing how vital platelets are and being aware of the signs, triggers, and management options of a low platelet count can empower you to take charge of your health. Keeping regular check-ups, getting routine tests, and taking steps to reduce the risk will help your healthcare provider and you stay alert to any health issues. If you detect signs of low platelet count or have a family history of clotting problems, discuss with your healthcare provider.  

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

How can you fix low platelets? 

There are many causes for low platelet count. The management then depends on what’s causing it. Talk to your healthcare provider to find the right solution, be it changing medications, treating infections, or managing immune system issues. 

What is the most common cause of low platelet count? 

There’s no typical cause for a low platelet count. It varies and can be from an enlarged spleen, issues with the bone marrow, viral infections, or genetic causes. 

Should I worry if my platelets are low? 

A slightly low platelet count that’s not causing any signs may not be a big worry. If you do see symptoms or your count is very low, go to your healthcare provider.. 

Is 81 a low platelet count? 

Yes, a platelet level of 81 is considered critically low. The normal range is between 150,000 and 450,000 platelets per microliter in your blood. Talk to your healthcare provider if you have worries about your platelet count. 

How to boost platelet count naturally? 

Foods high in vitamin K, vitamin B-12, iron, and folate may boost platelets. Still, do discuss with your healthcare provider for personalized advice based on your specific needs. 

References: 

  1. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Thrombocytopenia [Internet]. [cited 2024 Feb 13]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK542208 
  1. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Mechanism Action of Platelets and Crucial Blood Coagulation Pathways in Hemostasis – PMC [Internet]. [cited 2024 Feb 13]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5767294 
  1. ScienceDirect. Your Browser is out of date. [Internet]. [cited 2024 Feb 13]. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780702051012000662 
  1. ScienceDirect. Your Browser is out of date. [Internet]. [cited 2024 Feb 13]. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781437717389000177 
  1. PubMed. Laboratory testing for platelet antibodies [Internet]. [cited 2024 Feb 13]. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23757218 

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