LASIK is a term that means laser in-situ keratomileusis. It is a type of eye surgery that is used to correct defective vision in people. LASIK surgery is a laser refractive surgery that uses a special kind of laser to change the shape in front of the cornea (outer layer of the eye that helps light refract to the lenses).
For people with normal eyesight, the cornea refracts (bends) the light entering the eyes onto the retina at the back portion of the eyes. However, defects in the cornea lead to incorrect refraction resulting in improper vision (short-sightedness or farsightedness).
People with improper vision have to use glasses or contact lenses to view things normally. A LASIK surgery can help such people completely get rid of visual aids, and get their visual defect corrected permanently. The surgery is recommended for people with moderate levels of visual impairment.
In this particular condition a person is able to see nearby objects clearly, but distant objects appear unclear and blurry. When your eyeball is slightly longer than normal or the cornea of your eye curves too sharply, light rays tend to focus in front of the retina and create a blurry distant vision. You can see objects that are close more clearly, but it prevents clear vision of the objects that are far away.
This condition is the opposite of nearsightedness or myopia. You can see far objects clearly, but nearby objects are blurry. When you have a shorter than normal eyeball or if you have a cornea that is too flat, light does not focus on the retina instead, focuses behind the retina. This blurs near vision and may sometimes cause difficulty in distant vision.
This condition results in an overall blurry vision. It is a very common eye condition that occurs when the cornea curves or flattens unevenly. Astigmatism disrupts both focus of near and distant vision.
Hyperopia is a condition that is commonly known as farsightedness. This is the inability of the eyes to focus on objects that are nearby ie at a reading distance and objects that are away can be seen clearly. This disorder can cause difficulty while reading, headaches, and doing precise work.
Myopia is a condition that is commonly called nearsightedness. This is a problem where the eyes can clearly see objects nearby but cannot focus on objects that are away. This may appear as difficulty in identifying faces of people away from you, reading captions and boards that are at a distance, and difficulty in driving.
Astigmatism is a disorder where the cornea of the eyes is shaped irregularly resulting in blurred vision.
The most prominent indicator of a problem in vision is the difficulty to focus on objects either far or near. Eye disorders impact the ability to focus on objects greatly.
Eye disorders can irritate vision and lead to excessive stress on the eyes. This can cause redness of the eyes.
Weaker eyesight can cause the inability to see properly in the dark since the light is not refracted properly in the eyes.
Headaches, when there is even a little strain on the eyes, are an indicator of an underlying eye disorder.
Sensitivity to light is a major indicator of eye disease.
If the eyes do not function properly or they need to stress more to see clearly, it can lead to dry eyes, indicating an eye disorder.
A problem in vision can also lead to excessive tearing up of the eyes.
A disorder in the eye is the most probable cause of blurred vision.
Maintaining distance from TV screens while watching
Abstaining from “eye-on-phone-screen” syndrome
Reducing hours spent before digital screens (computers, laptops) or taking some time away instead of long, continuous stints
Ensuring proper sleep
Frequent washing of the eyes
Drying the eyes with a clean cloth