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PREGNANCY TEST (Urine)

About the test
What is this test done for?
Pregnancy test (Urine) or Urine pregnancy test (UPT) is a urine test done for detecting pregnancy.
Why is it Done?
This is a specialized urine test done for detecting presence of HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) in urine. During pregnancy, levels of HCG rise and start leaking in blood as well as urine. Thus, presence of HCG in urine indicates pregnancy.
When should it be performed?

This test is performed when patients presents with symptoms of pregnancy

  • Missed periods (>6 weeks) or amenorrhea
  • Nausea and vomiting (morning sickness)
  • Breast fullness or tenderness
  • Frequent urination
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Headaches and fatigue
How is it done
An early morning urine sample will be needed. Discard the first urine and collect sample from middle stream, avoiding any contact with skin. Collect urine in a sterile container.
Results

A negative test means absence of pregnancy.

A positive test means there is a pregnancy.

False positive results are seen in

  • Patients who are on drugs containing HCG molecules
  • Patient who have non-pregnant production of HCG
  • Patients who are on medicines
    • Chlorpromazine
    • Phenothiazines
    • Methadone
Other Tests
  • Qualitative HCG
    • Blood test done to detect presence of HCG in blood
    • Positive results indicate pregnancy
  • Quantitative HCG
    • Blood test done to detect amount of HCG in blood
    • Positive results indicate pregnancy
    • Very high levels of HCG indicate ectopic pregnancy or hydatidiform mole or gestational trophoblastic disease
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