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Uric Acid

About the test
What is this test done for?
A uric acid blood test determines how much uric acid is present in the blood.
Why is it Done?
The test is done to diagnose a condition called gout. It is also done in patients who are already on medications for high uric acid to monitor the levels. The test is performed in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy as such treatments may leak uric acid in the blood.
When should it be performed?

It is performed when a person shows the following conditions or symptoms:

  • Sudden swelling with redness in feet and toes especially great toe.
  • Pain in joints
  • Conditions like frequent kidney stones
  • Undergoing chemotherapy
How is it done
A blood sample will be collected from a vein in your arm. Fasting is not required prior to collection of sample.
Results
  • Normal values are: Men- 4.0 to 8.5mg/dL, women: 2.5 to 7.5 mg/dL. Values higher than the given levels means a positive test.
  • Positive results mean— hyperuricaemia, gout. A diet high in protein might be the reason for this. If the person is already on gout medication, then the medications given are not sufficient and the doses need to be increased.
  • Negative results with very low levels could mean any of the following- Wilson’s disease- an inherited disease condition in which copper builds up in body tissues. Fanconi syndrome- a kidney disorder, Alcoholism, A diet low in purines.
Other Tests
Urine test for uric acid can be done to confirm. X ray of the suspected joints can be ordered.
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