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URINARY SPOT PROTEIN

About the test
What is this test done for?
Spot urine protein is a test that measures the protein albumin in the urine.
Why is it Done?
This is performed as a screening test to diagnose kidney disorders.
When should it be performed?

The spot urine protein test is performed in the following conditions:

  • As a routine screening test
  • Pregnancy
  • A person is suffering from urinary tract infection
  • To evaluate the functioning of kidney
  • When a person is on medication like analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which can affect the kidneys.
  • Person is suffering from diabetes or hypertension.
  • Other risk factors are obesity, age above 65 years, family history of kidney diseases.
How is it done
An early morning urine sample will be needed. Discard the first urine and collect sample from middle stream, avoiding any contact with skin. Collect urine in a sterile container.
Results

Normal values are 0 to 20mg/dL.

Abnormal levels could possibly mean an infection, influence of medications, or pregnancy. Sometimes vigorous exercise also leads to proteinuria. Other conditions that can lead to protein in urine are:

  • Amyloidosis
  • Blood cancer
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Pre-eclampsia in pregnancy
  • Urinary tract infections.
Other Tests
Renal function blood test and 24-hour urine test are performed to help confirm the diagnosis.
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