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About the test
What is this test done for?
Progesterone is a blood test that measures the amount of a hormone called progesterone, which is released by the ovaries.
Why is it Done?

To detect the amount of progesterone levels in the blood for

  • Detecting the cause of infertility
  • Monitoring the response to the therapy of infertility
  • Assessing the risk of miscarriage
  • Monitoring the functioning of ovary and placenta, during pregnancy
  • Determining, whether ovulation is occurring or no
When should it be performed?

This test is performed when a patient is

  • Having irregular menses
  • Pregnant, and for assessing the functions of ovary and placenta
  • Having signs and symptoms of infertility
    • Abnormal periods
    • Irregular periods
    • No periods or periods suddenly stop
    • Alteration of sex drive
    • Pain during sex (dysperunia)
    • Weight gain
  • Having symptoms of spontaneous abortion or miscarriage
    • Sudden onset vaginal bleeding
    • Passing blood clots mixed with grayish tissue
  • On progesterone for treatment of infertility, to monitor the success of treatment
How is it done
A blood sample will be collected from a vein in your arm. It is advised to avoid oral hormone pill i.e. estrogen or progesterone for about 4 weeks before conducting the test. Fasting is not needed before sample collection.

The test results are normal for different ranges for different circumstances

High levels of progesterone for the age indicate

  • Pregnancy
  • Adrenal gland cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • Non-viable or molar pregnancy
  • Ovarian cyst

Low levels of progesterone indicate

  • Amenorrhea
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Toxemia late in pregnancy
  • Failure to ovulate
  • Possible miscarriage
  • Fetal death
Other Tests
  • FSH
    • Abnormal FSH blood levels indicate polycystic ovarian disease, amenorrhea and infertility
  • LH
    • Abnormal levels of hormone LH indicate menstrual abnormalities and infertility
  • Thyroid profile
    • Low T3 and T4 levels with high TSH levels suggest hypothyroidism, which can add to menstrual irregularities
    • Even hyperthyroidism is linked to menstrual irregularities
  • Cortisol
    • Prolonged high levels of hormone cortisol indicate infertility and affect thyroid functioning as well
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