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MALARIAL PARASITE

About the test
What is this test done for?
The test is done to detect the malaria parasite in the blood. The simplest and surest test is the peripheral smear test for malaria parasites.
Why is it Done?
The test is performed to diagnose malaria and detect the parasite and determine drug susceptibility of the parasite causing interaction.
When should it be performed?
The test should be performed if you see the following symptoms. The main symptom is fever with chills. Any temperature above 100O F should be assessed and sent for peripheral smear for malaria parasite. This test should be performed if a person shows chills, rigors, high fever, malaise, body pain, and headaches along with the above symptoms.
How is it done
A blood sample will be collected from a vein in your arm. It is taken especially at the time of high fever. Multiple samples at intervals of 8 to 12 hours may need to be taken when there is fever. No fasting is required for this test.
Results
Two smears are prepared: thin and thick. The thin smear identifies the number of malaria parasite and thick smear identifies the types of species of parasite. If the results are negative, that is, no parasite is seen, it does not mean that person is not suffering from malaria. It could be possible that the particular sample or smear did not contain the parasites, and hence, multiple samples are to be taken.
Other Tests
Complete blood count and Rapid antigen test for malaria parasite are the confirmatory tests that should be performed.
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