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LIPOPROTEIN (a)

About the test
What is this test done for?
The lipoprotein A test is done to evaluate an elevated level of lipoprotein A which is a possible risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease.
Why is it Done?
Lipoprotein is a type of cholesterol and high levels increase the risk for atherosclerosis i.e. fat deposited in arteries, which can lead to risk of cardiovascular disease like heart attack. In children, it is a leading factor for strokes but in rare cases.
When should it be performed?

This test is done when:

  • One has history of abnormal lipids.
  • Family history of abnormal lipids.
  • History of premature cardiovascular diseases in past or in the family.
  • To determine the cause of high cholesterol
  • It is done if there is history of existing heart or vascular disease in the individual or in the family.
How is it done
A blood sample will be collected from a vein in your arm. The test is done after 12 hours of fasting.
Results
Normal values of lipoprotein A should be less than 30mg/dL. If it is high it suggests risk of developing heart disease. Some non genetic conditions may also lead to elevated lipoprotein A like: estrogen depletion, familial hypercholestrolemia, severe hypothyroidism, uncontrolled diabetes, chronic renal failure and nephrotic syndrome.
Other Tests
Lipid profile is the basic test done to first understand the history of individual who can be at risk of developing heart diseases.
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