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Lipid Profile

About the test
What is this test done for?
Lipid profile is a panel of blood tests done to identify abnormalities in various components of lipids.
Why is it Done?
The test is performed to diagnose dyslipedemia and to assess the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
When should it be performed?
Not performed routinely in children, but doctors now recommend it in the age group of 9 to 11 years, to detect high risk children with familial history of high cholesterol. Healthy adults with no cardiovascular risk factors and above the age of 30 can get themselves screened once in 5 years. The following are the risk factors of hypercholesterolemia which are the indications for this test to be conducted:
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Pre diabetic
  • Family history of hypertension
  • Family history of heart diseases
  • Family history of diabetes
How is it done
You need to fast for 12 hours overnight before giving a blood sample from your arm the next morning.
Results
  • LDL:
    • Optimal: less than 100mg/dL
    • Borderline high: 130- 159 mg/dL
    • High- 160mg/dL
  • Total Cholesterol:
    • Optimal: less than 200mg/dL
    • Borderline high: 200- 239mg/dL
    • High: 240mg/dL
  • HDL:
    • Optimal: less than 40mg/dL
    • Borderline high: 40 to 50mg/dL
    • High: 60mg/dL and above
  • Triglycerides:
    • Optimal: less than 150mg/dL
    • Borderline high: 150-199mg/dL
    • High: Above 200 mg/dL
Elevated levels mean person is suffering from dyslipidaemia. He or she has high risk of cardiac diseases, and if associated with obesity, then this can add to diabetes and hypertension. Immediate modifications in lifestyle should be made to control the levels. Alternatively, statins might be started by your doctor. Low levels are rare and rules out dyslipedemia. Optimal levels mean risk of heart disease is low or absent.
Other Tests
LpPLA2, a cardiac marker can be tested to rule out any risk of cardiac diseases.
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