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Cholesterol

About the test
What is this test done for?
The cholesterol test is done to determine levels of blood cholesterol to assess the risk of developing heart disease.
Why is it Done?
It is done as a regular routine check along with lipid profile. It is done in adults above the age of 30 even if there are no risks of heart diseases known as routine screening test. In children, between the age of 9 and 11 and youngsters between age of 17 and 21, the test should be performed to assess risk of heart disease later.
When should it be performed?

The test should be performed when someone has one or more risk factors for heart disease.  The risk factors include:

  • Cigarette smoking
  • Being overweight, obese
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • 45 years or older men, 55 years or older women
  • Hypertension
  • Family history of premature heart disease.
  • Diabetes or pre diabetes.
  • History of heart attacks.
  • If previous reports have been abnormal
  • to monitor the doses for lipid lowering therapy.
How is it done
A blood sample will be collected from a vein in your arm. For doing cholesterol, 12 hours of fasting is needed prior to sample collection.
Results
  • The desirable value is 200mg/dL which reflects low risk of heart disease.
  • Borderline high: 200 to 239mg/dL suggests a high risk of developing heart disease. If the person is on medication, it suggests that the medicines are working well with them.
  • High risk: levels above 240mg/dL are considered high, and indicates that certain lipid lowering drugs need to be started to prevent the risk of developing heart disease.
Other Tests
Lipid profile will help to find out exact cause. Also, liver function test will assess the normal functioning of liver which forms cholesterol.
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