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BETA HCG TOTAL

About the test
What is this test done for?
Beta HCG total, also known as beta HCG quantitative, is a blood test that measures the amount/quantity of beta HCG levels in the blood.
Why is it Done?
This is a specialized blood test that checks the amount of beta HCG produced by the trophoblastic cells of the maturing fetus.It helps in
  • Confirming and monitoring pregnancy
  • Determining the approximate age of the growing fetus
  • Diagnosing abnormal pregnancies like ectopic pregnancy
  • Diagnosing gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD), ovarian germ cell tumors, teratomas, and HCG secreting tumors
  • Monitoring response to the therapy for gestational trophoblastic disease
When should it be performed?
This test is performed
  • If a woman has missed her periods for less than6 weeks and shows symptoms of pregnancy like
    • Missed periods ( less than 6 weeks) or amenorrhea
    • Nausea and vomiting (morning sickness)
    • Breast fullness or tenderness
    • Frequent urination
    • Abdominal bloating
    • Headaches and fatigue
  • If a woman presents with signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy
    • Abnormal vaginal bleeding (bleeding or spotting seen during pregnancy)
    • Lower back pain
    • Pain or cramping of the abdomen
    • Dizziness and weakness
    • Lowered blood pressure
    • Sudden sharp pain in the pelvic region
    • Vomiting
  • If a woman presents with signs and symptoms of gestational trophoblastic disease
    • Vaginal bleeding in a pregnant woman
    • Abdominal swelling more than expected pregnancy
    • Severe nausea and vomiting
    • High blood pressure at an early point in pregnancy
    • Pain or pressure in pelvic area
    • Anemia
    • Unexplained weight loss
    • Anxiety or irritability along with feeling shaky or profuse sweating
How is it done
A blood sample will be collected from a vein in your arm. No special preparations like fasting are required.
Results
The test result is normal indicating either the absence of pregnancy or absence of gestational trophoblastic disease. Normal result range varies in women who are pregnant and are in different trimesters
  • Non-pregnant woman – 5 mIU/mL
  • Pregnant woman
    • 1-3 weeks – 5-50 mIU/mL
    • 4 weeks – 50-500 mIU/mL
    • 5 weeks – 100-10,000 mIU/mL
    • 6 weeks – 1080-30,00 mIU/mL
    • 8-10 weeks – 3500-115,000 mIU/mL
    • 14 weeks – 12000-270,000 mIU/mL
    • 15-18 weeks – up to 200,000 mIU/mL
High levels of beta HCG indicate (in a pregnant woman)
  • Miscalculation of pregnancy dating
  • Molar pregnancy
  • Multiple pregnancies
  • Gestational trophoblastic disease (usually has very high levels)
Low levels of beta HCG indicate (in a pregnant woman)
  • Miscalculation of pregnancy dating
  • A possible miscarriage
  • Blighted ovum
  • Ectopic pregnancy
Other Tests
  • Pregnancy test (Urine)
    • Positive results indicate pregnancy
  • Progesterone
    • High levels of progesterone indicate pregnancy
  • Prolactin
    • High levels of prolactin indicate pregnancy
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