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Types of Bipolar Disorder You Need To Know About!

By Dr. Nikita Toshi +2 more

Bipolar disorder is a chronic mental illness wherein the mood of the individual suffering from it shifts from one extreme to another. Formerly known as manic depression, the National Commission on Macroeconomic and Health report states that more than 6% of the Indian population is suffering from a severe mental disorder such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. It is important for us to know about the major types of bipolar disorder.

It is highly important to understand the seriousness of such a disorder as many individuals who are suffering from this usually exhibit risky behavior and may even feel suicidal. Here are few signs to watch out for!

Types of Bipolar Disorder

How to Identify Bipolar Disorder?

There are several types of Bipolar Disorders. While dealing with a patient, you need to understand that Bipolar Disorder is a complex illness. The signs might vary from person to person depending on the type of Bipolar Disorder he/she is suffering from. The Types of Bipolar Disorder range from mild to severe and they are as follows-

Bipolar I

Individuals suffering from this type of Bipolar Disorder experience a manic episode at least once in his/her lifetime. A manic episode is defined as a behaviour where the mood is abnormally elevated and the actions of the individual result in disrupting his/her life.

Bipolar II

Similar to Bipolar I in terms of highs and lows. However, does not reach the full potential when they are at their high point. A person suffering from such type would experience different types of depression for 2 weeks straight and reach a happy high state for 4 days next but never experience the state of mania.

Rapid Cycling

Roughly about 15% of the population in the world suffers from this condition. A person experiences episodes of mania & depression at least 4 times a year or more each year. The majority of the people who suffer from rapid cycling are women in their early 20s.

Mixed Bipolar

Those who suffer from this usually are the ones who are diagnosed with Bipolar at an early stage. Many patients suffering from the mixed Bipolar condition are usually first diagnosed as suffering from Bipolar I and then when the episodes start getting cyclical and it becomes a lifelong struggle.

Cyclomythia

Cyclomythic disorder is usually the mild one out of all the other types of Bipolar Disorder. A person suffering from this might experience mood swings ranging from depression and hypomania (elevated mood). What makes this particular disorder different from Bipolar 2 are the factors of irregularities and unpredictability! People suffering from this disorder have had successful careers but personal relationships often witness turmoil.

Bipolar spectrum

This basically refers to people who suffer from bipolar due to other conditions. Recurrent depression, impulsive disorders, eating disorders like anorexia & bulimia, personality disorders and conduct disorders are some signs that are attached to the Bipolar spectrum.

Also Read: Navigating Bipolar Disorder: How a Person With Bipolar Thinks

Disclaimer:  The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

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