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5 Symptoms Of Vitamin B Deficiency To Watch Out For!

By Dr. Nikita Toshi +2 more

Different food groups provide a rainbow of nutrients that cater to a variety of biological processes. Quite often, if we have just one kind of food or similar food items, as in the case of kids, the body is starved of essential minerals and vitamins, leading to deficiencies in the body. One of the most common  problems noticed the world over is that of Vitamin B deficiency.

Vitamin B is actually made of various kinds of vitamins and each has its importance. Children, pregnant women and older people need more doses of vitamin B than the rest of us. Certain diseases like Celiac disease, Crohn’s disease and alcohol consumption can lead to low quantities of Vitamin B being absorbed in the body. Remember to not self-medicate and consult a doctor beforehand.


Also Read: What Causes Cramps in Your Feet: Insights into Health and Prevention

Symptoms of Vitamin B Deficiency

  1. Vitamin B12 Deficiency:

Vitamin B12 is known as Cobalamin. It helps in proper neurological function and with red blood cell formation. It is essential as it is the red blood cells that carry oxygen to the cells in the body. It is found mostly in animal products-meat and dairy items.

Deficiency of this vitamin can be recognised with-

Also Read: Side Effects of Vitamin B12 Deficiency.

B9 or folic acid which is an important B complex vitamin,should be given to all pregnant women and should be started to all women planning pregnancy as it prevents neural tube defects in babies.

Dr. M.G. Kartheeka, MBBS, MD
  1. Vitamin B6 Deficiency:

Vitamin B6 is known as Pyridoxine. It helps the body burn food to provide energy and improves immunity. It is also beneficial in maintaining healthy liver, skin and eye health. It is essential for foetal brain development.

If the body lacks, Vitamin B6 is signified by:

  • Nausea
  • Low Immunity
  • Depression
  • Skin Rashes
  • Cracks around the mouth
  • Anaemia

Check Out –PharmEasy B Complex

  1. Vitamin B1 Deficiency:

Vitamins B1 is also known as Thiamine. It helps with improving brain function, maintains metabolism, improves nerve health and supports healthy heart function.

Low quantities of Vitamin B1 or Thiamin can be recognised by:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Enlarged Heart
  • Fast heartbeats
  • A sensation of pins and needles
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in the limbs
  • Problems in coordinating movements
  • Nerve damage
  • Rapid Weight Loss

Increased levels of serum vitamin B12 in the body are also known to be a sign of liver-cell damage as the damaged liver cells release vitamin B12. It can also increase in certain cancers, autoimmune diseases, and kidney failure.

Dr. Ashish Bajaj, M.B.B.S., M.D
  1. Vitamin B2 Deficiency:

Vitamin B2 is known as Riboflavin. It is water-soluble and therefore it must be replenished in the body daily. It helps with proper vision, prevents headaches, prevents anaemia and helps keep up energy levels. Deficiency of this vitamin is symptomized by:

  • Excessive fatigue
  • A sore throat
  • Skin disorders
  • Cracks around the lips and mouth
  • Sluggish metabolism
  • Damage to the nerves
  • Mood changes- especially depression and anxiety
  • Swollen mucous membranes
  1. Vitamin B3 Deficiency:

Vitamin B3 is known as Niacin. It is a water-soluble vitamin. It is found in fish, meat, mushrooms and seeds. It is an appetite enhancer, reduces cholesterol levels, lowers the risk of heart disease, is helpful in diabetes, maintains good health and restores proper digestion. The deficiency is characterised by:

  • Pellagra- skin inflammation, diarrhoea and rashes are the symptoms.
  • Mucous membranes swell up
  • Burning in stomach and oesophagus
  • Dementia
  • Depression

Also Read: Vitamin E Deficiency Symptoms, Causes & Treatment.

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

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