Dehydration means the fluids in our body are less than the amount required to maintain a balance. The most common reason for dehydration is generally diarrhea and vomiting which may occur due to various causes. Nausea, mouth ulcers and throat infection may also cause dehydration since they reduce the oral intake. Moreover, increased removal from the body due to excessive physical exercises, problems in digestion, urine formation or high fever or burns or severe infection in the body or hormonal imbalance may also lead to dehydration.
Young children are at higher risk of dehydration because they have a more substantial water content in their bodies, their urinary system is not completely developed, and in infants, they are still dependent on others for adequate hydration.
The elderly also are at risk of dehydration due to decreased attention to thirst signals.
Feeling very thirsty, extremely tired, sleepy, or sluggish, reduced urination, dark urine sunken eyes, dry lips, feeling confused are some of the indicators of dehydration. Inadequate fluid intake for longer times may be one of the causes of constipation, pressure sores; especially in the elderly.
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To prevent dehydration, it is essential to balance the fluids in our body by increasing intake when excessive fluids are being lost. Drinking more amount of water, eating fruits and vegetables with high water content are the easiest ways to avoid dehydration. Don’t ignore thirst which is the best guide to indicate that you need to drink water. Even in humid or dry environments, you need to continue drinking enough water to replace water lost through sweating or to dry air, respectively. In a day an otherwise healthy person should typically drink 1-4 liters of water depending on one’s age, gender and amount of physical activities.
Sustaining adequate hydration in a healthy person thus helps in maintaining concentration, alertness, supple skin, normal kidney function, average body temperature and avoiding irritability, headaches, and tiredness due to dehydration.
If you notice any symptoms of dehydration or suffer from any ailment, seek medical advice for managing or preventing dehydration.
Disclaimer: The above information has been prepared by a qualified medical professional and may not represent the practices followed universally. The suggestions listed in this article constitute relatively common advice given to patients, and since every patient is different, you are advised to consult your physician, if in doubt, before acting upon this information. Lupin Limited has only facilitated the distribution of this information to you in the interest of patient education and welfare.