As new parents, we are sure it’s pretty exciting and yet challenging to handle your bundle of joy. Knowing how to take care of your little one can be really insightful. Read on to know more.
Every year in the week between 15 and 21st November, India celebrates the Newborn Care Week. Why is this week necessary? It’s because the first 28 days of your newborn’s life (neonatal phase) are very vulnerable – the neonatal phase has the highest child mortality rate. Similarly, this stage also sets the foundation for your child’s health. The care and effort you put into the baby’s health at this stage will decide how strong he/she will be as an adult.
That is why throughout the newborn care week, efforts are made to educate parents on how to look after their infant.
Read on to know the major challenges to a baby’s health and what you can do to avoid them.
Neonatal health problems
Why is your little one so vulnerable? It’s because a baby’s immunity has not developed yet. The following health complications can strike your child in the first 28 days-
- Neonatal infections
- Respiratory distress
- Lung damage from mechanical ventilation
- A collapsed lung
- Rapid breathing
Tips to take care of your Newborn
What is the best way to protect your little one? It is by being aware of the common health problems your child may have. If you are aware of them, then you will be able to recognize them and take action at the right time.
Caring for your newborn starts with ensuring that as soon as the baby is born, he/she is given a complete health check. Doctors should also administer the birth shots of certain immunization vaccines like BCG, Hepatitis B, etc.
What else can you do for your baby? You can follow these child-care tips-
- Is the baby cold? Ensure that you keep the baby warm. You can use a soft cotton cloth to cover the baby.
- Please do not feed the baby cow or goat milk. A child needs to be breastfed to develop strong immunity. Breastfeeding can protect the child against allergies, cough and cold, bronchial problems etc. In later life, a child who had been breastfed will have fewer chances of getting cancer, diabetes, or obesity.
- Remember to feed the baby every 2 or 3 hours. If your newborn seems uninterested in food, then this is a cause of concern.
- Are your hands clean? Always wash up before you handle the newborn. Germs and bacteria reside on the skin of your hands. Your child’s immunity is not strong enough to fight them off.
- Like long nails? Trim them before you handle the baby. A baby’s skin is soft and fragile. Your nails could graze the skin and cause infection.
- Make sure your baby wears a clean diaper.
- Always bathe and clean your baby in warm water.
- Use child-friendly soap and shampoo.
Parents need to be made more aware of what they can do to promote their child’s wellbeing. And the newborn care week makes it an important step in keeping your little one fit and healthy.