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Gita

Very useful tips were shared, every new parent should know these tips to take care of their babies.

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Newborn Care Week – How To Care For A Newborn Baby?

By Dr. Nikita Toshi +2 more

As new parents, we are sure it’s pretty exciting and yet challenging to handle your bundle of joy. Knowing how to take care of your little one can be insightful. Read on to know more.

Every year in the week between 15 and 21st November, India celebrates the Newborn Care Week. Why is this week necessary? It’s because the first 28 days of your newborn’s life (neonatal phase) are very vulnerable – the neonatal phase has the highest child mortality rate. Similarly, this stage also sets the foundation for your child’s health. The care and effort you put into the baby’s health at this stage will decide how strong he/she will be as an adult.    

Newborn Care Week - How To Care For A Newborn Baby? - PharmEasy

That is why throughout the newborn care week, efforts are made to educate parents on how to look after their infants. Read on to know the major challenges to a baby’s health and what you can do to avoid them.

Neonatal health problems

Why is your little one so vulnerable? It’s because a baby’s immunity has not developed yet. The following health complications can strike your child in the first 28 days-

  • Neonatal infections
  • Respiratory distress
  • Lung damage from mechanical ventilation
  • A collapsed lung
  • Rapid breathing

Symptoms to look for in your Newborn

Although every newborn is different and has different needs, there are a few common symptoms in newborns, which if diagnosed early, could be life-saving. Let us take a look at some of the health symptoms which can be manifested in newborns.

  • Excessive crying- Crying is natural among newborns. It is their way of expressing their needs to you. However, excessive crying can be due to some underlying disease or even discomfort. Therefore, it is essential to not dismiss your baby’s cries as they can be their cry for help.
  • Irritability- Does your newborn’s face turn red due to hours and hours of crying? Does your baby cry at the slightest change in the environment? This could be due to colic pain, earache, bacterial infections or even a soiled diaper. It is important to learn to read your newborn’s cues to have a healthy and happy baby.
  • Unusual skin rashes or redness- Skin redness, rashes in unusual places could be a symptom of certain diseases among newborns. While diaper rashes and rashes due to heat are common, it is imperative to look out for unusual rash characteristics to keep several illnesses at bay.  

A newborn baby needs to be fed every 2–3 hours. Breastfed babies are probably getting enough to eat if they: seem satisfied; have about 6 wet diapers and sleep 2 to 3 hrs after feeds.

Dr. M.G. Kartheeka, MBBS, MD

Tips to take care of your Newborn

What is the best way to protect your little one? It is by being aware of the common health problems your child may have. If you are aware of them, then you will be able to recognize them and take action at the right time.

Caring for your newborn starts with ensuring that as soon as the baby is born, he/she is given a complete health check. Doctors should also administer the birth shots of certain immunization vaccines like BCG, Hepatitis B, etc.

Infections in newborns do not show any specific telltale signs but are usually bacterial in origin and can be a frequent cause of pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis, any symptoms of prolonged fever, lethargy, jaundice should be examined by a paediatrician to diagnose the disease at an early stage.

Dr. Ashish Bajaj, M.B.B.S., M.D.

What else can you do for your baby? You can follow these child-care tips

  • Is the baby cold? Ensure that you keep the baby warm. You can use a soft cotton cloth to cover the baby.
  • Please do not feed the baby cow or goat milk. A child needs to be breastfed to develop a strong immunity. Breastfeeding can protect the child against allergies, cough and cold, bronchial problems, etc. In later life, a child who has been breastfed will have fewer chances of getting cancer, diabetes or obesity.
  • Remember to feed the baby every 2 or 3 hours. If your newborn seems uninterested in food, then this is a cause of concern.
  • Always wash up your hands before you handle the newborn. Germs and bacteria reside on the skin of your hands. Your child’s immunity is not strong enough to fight them off.
  • Like long nails? Trim them before you handle the baby. A baby’s skin is soft and fragile. Your nails could graze the skin and cause infection.
  • Make sure your baby wears a clean diaper.
  • Always bathe and clean your baby in warm water.
  • Use child-friendly soap and shampoo.

Parents need to be made more aware of what they can do to promote their child’s well-being. And the newborn care week makes it an important step in keeping your little one fit and healthy.

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

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