Arthritis Chronic Ailments

Arthritis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Cure

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Not every joint pain is Arthritis, and neither is fatigue, soreness, bony bumps, and lack of strength because of arthritis. However, all these things can still happen in case of arthritis, and if you have full knowledge of the condition, you can get diagnosed early enough to control the symptoms.

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a medical condition which occurs due to joint inflammation. If the joint between separate bones is inflamed, it can lead to arthritis, and you may observe common symptoms such as swelling, redness, dry skin, bony growth, and pain.

Arthritis usually develops with time, and that is why it is more common in adults over the age of 65. However, it can happen suddenly due to an injury, and children and younger adults can also be affected by this condition.

What Causes Arthritis?

There are various reasons for arthritis including heredity, injury, metabolic abnormalities, infections, and immune system attack. Another reason for arthritis is the wear and tear of cartilage, which protects your joints from shock. When this cartilage is compromised, it can cause osteoarthritis.

What are the Risk Factors?

  1. Age – elder people are at higher risk of arthritis.
  2. Heredity – many types of Arthritis such as gout, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc., contain genetic components.
  3. Gender – females are at higher risk of arthritis.
  4. Obesity – extra weight can lead to wear and tear of joints, which can cause arthritis.
  5. Injury – joint injury in any way can lead to arthritis.
  6. Infection – infections can also cause arthritis.

Treatment Options

Medication – medicines, and drugs such as anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics, capsaicin, and immunosuppressants are used for reducing pain and inflammation.

Therapy – exercise and other physical therapy for strengthening muscles help a lot of people.

Surgery – some people with severe symptoms opt for surgery to replace body joint with the artificial joint.

Electrical implant – one treatment option for arthritis is an electrical implant. This is still in its trial phase.

Prognosis for Arthritis

Prognosis for arthritis mostly depends on how severe the condition is and how early it is detected. Other factors may be complications and type of arthritis. Putting these factors together, sometimes it is possible to control the condition, and sometimes people suffer permanent joint damage. That is why it is essential to look out for symptoms and get checked for early diagnosis. Early detection helps in controlling arthritis symptoms to a great extent.

Don’t Skip Doctor’s Appointment

Many medical practitioners believe that there is no cure for arthritis. However, if it is detected early, the side effects and consequences can be significantly controlled. Hence, don’t skip your doctor’s appointment if it is hard for you to fall asleep due to pain and you have constant swelling and stiffness.

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