422 million people worldwide suffer from a very serious condition i.e Diabetes. So, here are some frequently asked questions by a diabetic that can help you or your loved ones!
Q1 – Why is my blood sugar high in the morning?
Ans: – Insulin is responsible for maintaining normal blood sugar. In diabetics, either insulin is not produced or it doesn’t show a 100% effect. In the morning, hormones like glucagon and GH (they increase blood sugar) are high which results in higher sugar levels.
Q2 – How do you feel when your blood sugar is too high?
Ans:- An increase in the frequency of urine, increased thirst, rise in fatigue, body ache, weight loss are all symptoms of high blood sugar.
Q3 – Does hot or cold weather affect blood sugar levels?
Ans:- Weather does affect the blood sugar levels but not significantly. Slightly higher sugar levels are observed in cold weather conditions.
Q4 – Do I need to take medications even on the days that I feel fine?
Ans – Yes, you should. Skipping your medicines will cause fluctuations in your blood sugar levels which will eventually lead to complications.
Q5 – Can changing medications help in faster recovery?
Ans: – While uncontrolled levels warrant a change in medications, changing medications won’t lead to faster recovery if your blood sugar levels are under control.
Q6 – Why is diabetes becoming a problem in our country?
Ans: – A change in dietary habits (consumption of junk food, fried food, fast food) and sedentary lifestyle has resulted in an increased risk of diabetes in India.
Q7 – Can a person without symptoms have diabetes?
Ans – Yes. It’s quite common to have no symptoms, especially in early diabetes. A lot of cases of diabetes are accidentally diagnosed on routine testing.
Q8 – Is diabetes more common among men or women?
Ans: – The incidence in men is more as compared to women. However, the risk of complications is more in women.
Q9 – Can I control diabetes without medication?
Ans: – In cases where sugar levels are mildly increased, dietary and lifestyle modifications can maintain a normal sugar level without any need for medication.
Q10 – Can diabetics fast for 3 days or more?
Ans: – Fasting for more than 24 hours in diabetics can be dangerous especially when taking medication while fasting. It can lead to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Also, eating after a couple of days of fasting can cause hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).
Q11 – How should you prepare for a diabetes test?
Ans:- 3 types of sugar levels are tested in diabetes – fasting, postprandial and random. For fasting blood sugar, you should not eat or drink anything for at least 8 hours before the test but you can drink water in small amounts. Postprandial sugar is tested 2 hours after a meal. Random sugar can be checked at any time.
Q12 – Can I outlive diabetes?
Ans:- Yes. With good control of blood sugar levels, through proper medications and a good lifestyle, you can live a healthy life and beat diabetes.
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