Diabetes is known as the ‘Silent Killer’. Apart from causing sugar imbalance in the body, it hollows out most organs from the inside. The eyes and the kidneys are the organs most susceptible to damage through diabetes. Kidneys are vital to regulate the fluid levels in the body. They are also responsible for releasing hormones that control the blood pressure.
There might be many reasons why diabetes affects the kidneys so negatively. The alteration in the blood sugar taxes the kidneys as they are responsible for spewing out waste and toxins from the body. While genes are definitely responsible for making you susceptible to develop kidney diseases, other factors like high blood pressure, steep glucose levels in the blood and diet too contribute significantly.
If you have recently developed diabetes, you will not show any symptoms of kidney disease. For those who have developed kidney malfunction, the toxins in the body build up, and the patient feels sick, lose their appetites, have fluid retention, and can even suffer a heart failure if left untreated.
Whether it is diabetes Type I or Type II, your kidneys get extremely vulnerable. For some patients, it takes just a decade for the kidney diseases to set in and for others, it may take up to 30 years.
So what can you do? Here are some ways in which diabetic patients can reduce the risk of kidney diseases.
- Control Your Blood Sugar
This is the most fool-proof way to thwart kidney disease. The lesser the fluctuations in your blood glucose, better are your chances of delaying the onset of kidney disease. Kidneys are made of tiny blood vessels. Any changes in the blood sugar will affect them negatively.
- Follow Prescribed Diet
Your doctor will give you a diet to follow to keep your diabetes in check. You must follow the diet to ensure that your kidneys stay safe.
- Regulate Your Blood Pressure
As is with blood sugar, fluctuating blood pressure can be fatal for your kidneys. To prevent kidney failure, try to maintain stable blood pressure.
- Low Protein Diet
Those who are vulnerable to kidney damage are suggested a low protein diet to put less pressure on already weak kidneys. You must consult your doctor or nutritionist about the options available to you.
- Watch Your Weight
Weight gain can seriously affect your kidneys, more so when you have diabetes. Eat healthy food and exercise regularly to keep the weighing scales static. A diet recommended by your doctor or nutritionist will ensure that you derive maximum nutrition without increasing your weight.
- Regular Checkups
Get regular tests done to ensure that your kidneys are in tiptop shape. In most cases, by the time the symptoms become apparent, the damage has already been done. Many kinds of tests check your creatine and urea levels in the urine that point towards the health of your kidneys.