Pulmonary Hypertension is a serious condition where the arteries in the lungs get blocked or narrow. Thus, this condition makes it difficult for the blood to flow through the lungs, thereby making the heart work harder to pump blood through these arteries.
Eventually, the heart muscles get weak and it can lead to a heart failure. However, the good news is that the right treatment can help control these symptoms and thereby improve the health of the heart.
While in the initial stages, this condition may not show any noticeable symptoms. However, as the condition worsens, the symptoms become more obvious and severe.
Some common symptoms include:
- Heart palpitations or a racing pulse rate
- Shortness of breath while doing strenuous activities and even while resting
- Chest pain
- Bluish color on the lips or skin
- Swelling of the ankles, legs and in the later stages of the abdomen
Many doctors haven’t been able to attribute the true cause of this high blood pressure in the lungs. Some suggest that even our genes play a crucial role in contracting this condition. Many doctors have also found that other bodily conditions can cause this problem.
Some of these are:
- Diseases of the liver such as Liver Cirrhosis
- Sleep apnea
- Lung ailments such as Pulmonary Fibrosis, Chronic Bronchitis etc.
- Blood clots in the lungs
- A heart defect from birth
Certain factors that elevate this condition include:
- Consumption of appetite-suppressant medication
Diagnosis and Treatment
Since this condition varies from person to person, the treatment is also customized to suit individual patient’s needs.
Most patients suffering from this condition are also advised to improve their breathing. Oxygen therapy is thus suggested where you breathe pure oxygen through prongs that fit your nose. This therapy helps when you have low oxygen levels in your blood.
If you are at a risk of developing blood clots, doctors will recommend blood thinners.
Suggested Practices for Improvement
- First and foremost, stay active.
- Go for regular walks so that you can breathe better
- Give yourself adequate rest and a good night’s sleep. These patients tend to get tired fast, so regular periods of rest and rejuvenation are essential
- Consume a healthy diet – Fruits, vegetable, wholesome grains, try to include them all in your daily intake