Asthma is a type of lung disorder or chronic respiratory disease. It affects both children and adults and can range from mild to severe and intermittent to persistent. Asthma makes the lung’s airways swell up or lets mucus accumulate which makes them narrow. This triggers breathing trouble.
What are the most common symptoms of asthma?
Tightening or inflammation of the airways caused by asthma prompts these symptoms, which are essentially the same for both children and adults-
- Difficulty in breathing
- Bouts of coughing especially at night
- A feeling of pressure being exerted on the chest or a sensation of tightness or pain in the chest region
The symptoms of asthma are not homogenous. Different people witness different combinations of these symptoms. Similarly, the intensity or degree of the symptoms too may vary in the same individual- one attack being more severe than the next or previous one.
Sometimes the symptoms do not show up for extended periods or in other words asthma attacks are intermittent or periodic. Others may experience asthma attacks every other day. The triggers that initiate asthma symptoms too are varied.
Early warning symptoms of asthma –
These symptoms show up before a full-blown asthma attack and may indicate that your asthma can get worse.
- Repeated episodes of coughing, more frequently when you go to bed at night
- You easily become short of breath
- Feeling weary and tired after any physical activity
- Wheezing unnaturally after you exercise
- Difficulty in falling asleep
- You may feel irritable and gloomy
- Your peak respiratory flow may diminish
- You frequently get an upper respiratory infection as well as allergies, throat ache, blocked sinuses, runny nose and congestion
Asthma signs indicating that your condition is aggravating –
Unless you act when you notice the early symptoms of asthma, then your asthma attacks could get more persistent and the symptoms can become more challenging to suppress. In the next stage, the symptoms will get in the way of your routine activities or may interrupt your sleep.
- More frequent episodes of wheezing (it won’t take much to trigger it)
- Your fits of coughing become more prolonged and may strike during both day and night
- You will begin to feel as if a weight is pressing down on your chest
- If you are using inhalators, your body’s response to medication will slow down
The late Asthma symptoms –
This stage of asthma is very debilitating and obstructs your everyday activities. These symptoms accompany asthma episodes that are life-threatening and may require hospitalization.
- You will wheeze severely both when you are inhaling and exhaling
- Extremely labored breathing
- You will feel as if your lungs are not getting the air that it needs
- Extreme chest pain
- Inability to exhale completely
- A blue tinge on the lips and under the nails
- You may sweat a lot and your face will turn pale
- There could even be a panic attack
- It will become difficult to speak
What enhances the likelihood of Asthma symptoms?
Several factors can increase the possibility of you witnessing asthma symptoms-
- If you have eczema
- If people in your family have been diagnosed with asthma
- If you contracted bronchiolitis as a child
- Being born preterm
You could worsen your asthma symptoms if-
- You smoke
- Drink beer and wine or lemon juice
- Eating potatoes or pickled foods
Asthma in its early stages is manageable. The efficiency of a treatment mode depends on you identifying the symptoms right away and taking proper action.