Patient Awareness Women's Health

PCOD Problems – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

PCOD Problems
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PCOD stands for Poly Cystic Ovary Disease. The condition affects the ovaries in women by causing cysts in them. This leads to hormonal imbalance with the body producing more male hormones than needed. The hormonal imbalance leads to problems in menstruation and fertility apart from other issues. If left untreated, PCOD can cause more serious problems like heart disease and diabetes. Read on to find all you need to know about PCOD Problems.

PCOD Causes

In PCOD, many small sacs fill up with fluid inside the ovaries. Each of these contains an immature egg that never triggers ovulation. The absence of ovulation leads to a hormonal imbalance with a high release of male hormones. Research hasn’t pointed at the exact reasons why PCOD problems happen. However, certain factors contribute to it. They are:

  • Genetic makeup
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Obesity
  • High levels of inflammation

PCOD Symptoms

Many women do not realize that they are suffering from PCOD. There are certain common symptoms of PCOD problems:

  • Irregular Menstruation: One of the most common signs of PCOD is irregular menstruation. Due to a high amount of male hormones, the body prevents ovulation. Many patients of PCOD have fewer than nine periods a year.
  • Heavy Bleeding: Since the periods are irregular, the buildup of the uterine wall is more. This leads to heavier bleeding whenever the periods happen.
  • Acne: due to higher amounts of male hormones, the skin secretes more oil causing more acne.
  • Hair Growth: Most women, who suffer from PCOD, have hair growth on their face, back, stomach and chest. The condition is known as hirsutism.
  • Weight: Most women who suffer from PCOD are obese or overweight.
  • Crown Baldness: Most women with PCOD suffer from male pattern baldness with the hair thinning on the crown. Some even suffer complete hair loss.
  • Headaches: Headaches are triggered by the hormonal imbalance.
  • Skin Darkening: Those who suffer from PCOD observe darkening of the skin in the groin and the neck region.

Complications due to PCOD

  • Infertility

PCOD causes infertility as it reduces the frequency of ovulation in the body.

  • Diabetes

PCOD causes insulin resistance in the body leading to diabetes.

  • Heart Disease

PCOD increases the blood pressure in the body leading to vulnerability towards heart problems.

  • Endometrial Cancer

Because there is delayed ovulation, the body experiences a thickening of the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus. This increases the odds of getting endometrial cancer.

  • Depression

Many women suffer from depression due to hormonal imbalance in the body.

Treatment

Ultrasound and blood tests help to diagnose PCOD.

  • Most patients are recommended to lose weight to reverse the effects of PCOD. Lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet and regular exercise help in the condition.
  • Birth control pills and hormonal medication are also used in treating PCOD.

PCOD can be treated with correct lifestyle and medications. Consult your gynecologist if you feel you may have PCOD.

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