Just because you spend your entire day at the office, sitting on a desk doesn’t mean that you cannot make the situation better. Ergonomics is the science of designing your workstation in a manner that it fulfills the requirements of the worker and reduces his discomfort. By following specific tips and tricks, you can make your workplace comfortable to decrease your fatigue levels and help deal with physical stress. Bad posture and a poorly designed workstation can lead to serious health problems. Here are some things you can do to increase your productivity.
Choose a chair that doesn’t stress your spine. Something that has a backrest along the spinal curves is the best choice. Adjust the chair’s height so that your feet are resting flat on the ground. The thighs should be parallel to the floor. When your arms are resting on the armrest, the shoulders should be relaxed.
Keep the things you usually need during a workday, close to your body. This will reduce your effort to reach out for these things. So staplers, phone, mobile, water bottles, etc. should be just a movement away.
If you need to use the phone frequently, then use speakers or headphones instead of cradling it between your neck and head.
The keyboard and the mouse should be placed on the same surface. When using both these accessories, your wrists should be straight, and the hands should be either at the level of the elbows or slightly below them. The weight of your arms should always be supported.
Observe the position of your head. It must always be above the base of its support that is the neck. Don’t sit with your neck craned forward.
Many of us move into the slouching position without realizing it. It is one of the most detrimental things for the spinal vertebrae and discs. Use lumbar support provided with the chair to prevent slipped discs because of bad posture.
Prevent strain on the eyes by keeping your monitor at eye level and an arm’s length away. Close your eyes to rest them for five minutes after every one hour. Avoid placing the monitor before a window or a light source. Try to reduce glare from the screen as much as possible.
Ensure that you have a clearance space under the desk. Adjust the height of the desk if it is too low or too high. Use a footrest for supporting your legs. Avoid storing your items under your desk to give yourself enough space.
Many offices do not have appropriate lighting concerning their computers. The light should be moderate and fall indirectly on the workstations.
Exercises and Breaks
Take short, frequent breaks to get rest. Just walking around the desk is a good break. You could also do some exercises to relieve tension in your body.